Model of protein fragments and statistical potentials
We discuss a model of protein conformations where the conformations are combinations of short fragments from some small set. For these fragments we consider a distribution of frequencies of occurrence of pairs (sequence of amino acids, conformation), averaged over some balls in the spaces of sequences and conformations. These frequencies can be estimated due to smallness of the e-entropy of the set of conformations of protein fragments.We consider statistical potentials for protein fragments which describe the mentioned frequencies of occurrence and discuss model of free energy of a protein where the free energy is equal to a sum of statistical potentials of the fragments. We also consider contribution of contacts of fragments to the energy of protein conformation, and contribution from statistical potentials of some hierarchical set of larger protein fragments. This set of fragments is constructed using the distribution of frequencies of occurrence of short fragments. We discuss applications of this model to problem of prediction of the native conformation of a protein from its primary structure and to description of dynamics of a protein. Modification of structural alignment taking into account statistical potentials for protein fragments is considered and application to threading procedure for proteins is discussed.
Key wordsprotein fragments statistical potentials hierarchical models of proteins
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