Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 126–142 | Cite as

Structure of Hydrobiocenoses in Mineral and Thermal Springs of the Lake Baikal Region: A Review

  • V. V. TakhteevEmail author
  • I. O. Eropova
  • I. N. Egorova
  • G. I. Kobanova
  • D. A. Krivenko
  • A. V. Lishtva
  • G. D. Ilin
  • G. I. Pomazkova
  • G. L. Okuneva
  • T. Ya. Sitnikova
  • T. E. Peretolchina
  • E. R. Khadeeva
  • O. G. Lopatovskaya


The available published data and materials from our own research into 14 mineral and 19 thermal springs of the Lake Baikal Region performed in 1997–2017 are summarized. Soil profiles have been laid and samples of water, algae, lichens, mosses, and vascular plants and qualitative and quantitative specimens of zoobenthos have been taken. The profile of soils in the area of springs is short and their chemical composition corresponds to that of water; they are called parasoils. We reveal 257 species of algae in the mineral springs, and most of them (196 species) are assigned to the diatoms. The lichen flora is nonspecific. Seven species are found in the mineral springs, and 100 lower taxa are sampled around the thermal springs. Six types of communities of zoobenthos are specified in the mineral sodium chloride springs according to the group of macroinvertebrates, dominating in biomass: Gastropoda-like, Turbellaria-like, Chironomidae-like, Amphipoda-like, Psychodidae-like, and Ephydridae-like. In the thermal springs, four types of communities of zoobenthos are recognized: Gastropoda-like (with the specification into mono-, two- and three-dominant), Odonata-like, Amphipoda-like, and Chironomidae-like. The thermal springs are mainly characterized by high biomass typical for eutrophic and hypertrophic lakes. The species status of mollusk Lymnaea thermobaicalica—endemic to high-thermal springs—is confirmed.


Pribaikaliye mineral springs hot springs soils algae lichens communities of zoobenthos 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aksenova, O., Vinarski, M., Bolotov, I., Kondakov, A., Bespalaya, Yu., Tomilova, A., Paltser, I., and Gofarov, M., Two Radix spp. (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) endemic to thermal springs around Lake Baikal represent ecotypes of the widespread Radix auricularia, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 2017, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 298–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anufriieva, E.V., Do copepods inhabit hypersaline waters worldwide? A short review and discussion, Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 2015, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1354–1361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bardunov, L.V. Listostebel’nye mkhi poberezhii i gor Severnogo Baikala (Bryopsida Mosses of the Coasts and Mountains of Northern Baikal), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1961.Google Scholar
  4. Barquin, J. and Death, R.G., Downstream changes in spring-fed stream invertebrate communities: the effect of increased temperature range? J. Limnol., 2011, vol. 70, suppl. 1, pp. 134–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Belyshev, B.F., Southern species of dragonflies (Odonata, Insecta) n the hot springs of Northern Transbaikalia, Zool. Zh., 1956, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 1735–1736.Google Scholar
  6. Belyshev, B.F., Habitat conditions of the relict dragonfly Orthetrum albistylum Selys in the hot spring of the Northeastern Cis-Baikal region, Zool. Zh., 1960a, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1432–1433.Google Scholar
  7. Belyshev, B.F., The hot spring as the habitat for dragonfly larvae, Tr. Barguzin. Gos. Zapoved., 1960b, no. 2, pp. 131–133.Google Scholar
  8. Berezina, N.A., Khlebovich, V.V., Panov, V.E., and Zaporozhets, N.V., Salinity tolerance of the amphipod Gmelinoides fasciatus (Stebb.) introduced into the Gulf of Finland basin (the Baltic Sea), Dokl. Biol. Sci., 2001, vol. 379, pp. 366–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bespalaya, Yu.V., Bolotov, I.N., and Usacheva, O.V., The population of mollusks of the subarctic hydrothermal ecosystem in winter, Zool. Zh., 2011, vol. 90, no. 11, pp. 1304–1322.Google Scholar
  10. Bolotov, I.N., Bespalaya, Yu.V., and Usacheva, O.V., Zoobenthos and colonies of aquatic mollusks in winter, in Funktsionirovanie subarkticheskoi gidrotermal’noi ekosistemy v zimnii period (Functioning of the Subarctic Hydrothermal Ecosystem in Winter), Yekaterinburg: Ural. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2011, pp. 193–217.Google Scholar
  11. Bolotov, I.N., Bespalaya, Yu.V., and Usacheva, O.V., Ecology and evolution of hydrobionts in hot springs of the subarctic and arctic: formation of similar assemblages, adaptation of species, and microevolutionary processes, Biol. Bull. Rev., 2012, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 340–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bolotov, I.N., Aksenova, O.V., Bespalaya, Yu.V., and Spitsyn, V.M., Endemism of freshwater fish fauna in geothermal regions: a review of molecular biogeographic studies, Vestn. Sev. (Arkt.) Fed. Univ., Ser.: Estestv. Nauki, 2016, no. 1, pp. 29–50.Google Scholar
  13. Borisov, S.N., Dragonflies (Odonata) of thermal springs of the Barguzin Depression of the Baikal Rift Zone, Evraziatskii Entomol. Zh., 2014, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 121–132.Google Scholar
  14. Borisov, S.N., Dragonflies (Odonata) from the thermal springs of Central Asia, Zool. Zh., 2015, vol. 94, no. 12, pp. 1400–1407.Google Scholar
  15. Borisov, S.N., Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Barguzin Depression and of the Svyatoi Nos Peninsula (North-Eastern Baikal region, Russia), Evraziatskii Entomol. Zh., 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 339–348.Google Scholar
  16. Budagaeva, V.G., Ustinova, O.V., Barkhutova, D.D., and Namsaraev, B.B., Hydrochemical and microbiological characteristic of Kuchiger hydrotherm, Vestn. Buryat. Gos. Univ., 2015, no. 3, pp. 59–62.Google Scholar
  17. Egorova, I.N., Kobanova, G.I., Sudakova, E.A., Lishtva, A.V., and Takhteev, V.V., Ecological description of the sodium chloride mineral springs in the Kirenga River basin and the upper reaches of the Lena River: 2. Flora of non-vascular plants: Algae, lichens, Inland Water Biol., 2017, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 342–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eropova, I.O., Takhteev, V.V., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Khadeeva, E.R., and Lopatovskaya, O.G., Macrozoobenthos of some thermal springs of Northern Cis-Baikal region in early spring, Baikal. Zool. Zh., 2016, no. 2 (19), pp. 54–60.Google Scholar
  19. Friberg, N., Dybkjaer, B., Ólafsson, J.S., Gislason, G.M., Larsen, S.E., and Lauridsen, T.L., Relationships between structure and function in streams contrasting in temperature, Freshwater Biol., 2009, vol. 54, pp. 2051–2068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gollerbakh, M.M., Algae of hot springs, in Zhizn’rastenii (Life of the Plants), Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1977, vol. 3, pp. 66–68.Google Scholar
  21. Jørgensen, B. and Nelson, D.C., Bacterial zonation, photosynthesis, and spectral light distribution in hot spring microbial mats of Iceland, Microb. Ecol., 1988, vol. 16, pp. 133–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kalacheva, E., Taran, Yu., Voloshina, E., and Inguaggiato, S., Hydrothermal system and acid lakes of Golovnin caldera, Kunashir, Kuril Islands: geochemistry, solute fluxes and heat output, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2017, vol. 346, pp. 10–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kalashnikov, A.M., Gaisin, V.A., Sukhacheva, M.V., Namsaraev, B.B., Panteleeva, A.N., Nuyanzina-Boldareva, E.N., Kuznetsov, B.B., amd Gorlenko, V.M., Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria from microbial communities of Goryachinsk thermal spring (Baikal Area, Russia), Microbiology (Moscow), 2014, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 407–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Khmeleva, N.N. and Moroz, M.D., Aquatic hemipterans of Transbaikalia, III Vsesoyuznaya nauchnaya konferentsiya “Problemy ekologii Pribaikal’ya,” Irkutsk, 5–10 sentyabrya 1988 g., Tezisy dokladov (III All-Union Sci. Conf. “Ecological Problems of Cis-Baikal Region,” Irkutsk, September 5–10, 1988, Abstracts of Papers), Irkutsk, 1988, part 3, p. 89.Google Scholar
  25. Khmeleva, N.N. and Ostapenya, A.P., Production of organic matter in geothermal springs, Gidrobiol. Zh., 1987, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 8–12.Google Scholar
  26. Khmeleva, N.N., Golubev, A.P., and Laenko, T.M., Ecology of gastropods from the hot springs of Kamchatka, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 1985, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 230–240.Google Scholar
  27. Kiselev, I.A., Phytoplankton of some mountain reservoirs of Baikal Ridge, Tr. Baikal. Limnol. Stn., 1937, vol. 7, pp. 53–69.Google Scholar
  28. Kitaev, S.P. Osnovy limnologii dlya gidrobiologov i ikhtiologov (Fundamentals of Limnology for Hydrobiologists and Ichthyologists), Petrozavodsk: Karel. Nauchn. Tsentr, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2007.Google Scholar
  29. Krasnaya kniga Irkutskoi oblasti (The Red Data Book of Irkutsk Oblast), Gaikova, O.Yu. and Popov, V.V., Eds., Irkutsk: Vremiya Stranstvii, 2010.Google Scholar
  30. Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Buryatiya: Redkie i nakhodyashchiesya pod ugrozoi ischeznoveniya vidy zhivotnykh, rastenii i gribov (The Red Data Book of Buryatia Republic: Rare and Endangered Species of Animals, Plants, and Fungi), Pronin, N.M., Ed., Ulan-Ude: Buryat. Nauchn. Tsentr, Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2013, 3rdGoogle Scholar
  31. Kreiling, A.-K., Ólafsson, J.S., and Kristjansson, B.K., Chironomidae fauna of springs in Iceland—Tuxen’s hot springs revisited, 20th Int. Symp. on Chironomidae, July 2–8, 2017, Abstracts of Papers, Trento, 2017, p. 39.Google Scholar
  32. Kruglov, N.D. Mollyuski semeistva produvikov (Lymnaeidae Gastropoda Pulmonata) Evropy i Severnoi Azii (Osobennosti ekologii i parazitologicheskoe znachenie) (Mollusks of Family Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) of Europe and Northern Asia: Ecology and Parasitological Role), Smolensk: Smolensk. Gos. Pedagog. Univ., 2005.Google Scholar
  33. Kruglov, N.D. and Starobogatov, Ya.I., Morphology and taxonomy of mollusks of subgenus Radix of genus Lymnaea (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Lymnaeidae) of Siberia and Far East of USSR, Zool. Zh., 1989, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 17–30.Google Scholar
  34. Kulikov, G.V., Zhevlakov, A.V., and Bondarenko, S.S. Mineral’nye lechebnye vody SSSR: spravochnik (Mineral Medical Waters of USSR: Handbook), Moscow: Nedra, 1991.Google Scholar
  35. Kurlov, M.G. Klassifikatsiya sibirkikh tselebnykh mineral’nykh vod (Classification of Siberian Medical Mineral Waters), Tomsk: Fizio-Ter. Inst., 1928.Google Scholar
  36. Lamakin, V.V. Neotektonika Baikal’skoi vpadiny (Neotectonics of Baikal Depression), Moscow: Nauka, 1968.Google Scholar
  37. Liao, Z. Thermal Springs and Geothermal Energy in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and the Surroundings, Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Liu, H.-P., Marceau, D., and Hershler, R., Taxonomic identity of two amnicolid gastropods of conservation concern in lakes of the Pacific Northwest of the USA, J. Molluscan Stud., 2016, vol. 82, pp. 464–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lomonosov, I.S. and Pinneker, E.V., Thermal waters of Cis-Baikal region, Priroda (Moscow), 1980, no. 3, pp. 78–85.Google Scholar
  40. Lomonosov, I.S., Kustov, Yu.I., and Pinneker, E.V. Mineral’nye vody Pribaikal’ya (Mineral Waters of Cis-Baikal Region), Irkutsk: Vost.-Sib. Knizhn. Izd., 1977.Google Scholar
  41. Lopatovskaya, O.G. and Maksimova, E.N. Pochvy mineral’nykh istochnikov Baikal’skoi Sibiri i ikh al’gologich-eskaya kharakteristika (Soils of Mineral Springs of Baikal Region of Siberia and Their Algological Characteristic), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Pedagog. Univ., 2006.Google Scholar
  42. Lyakhova, I.G., Floristic finds near thermal spring in Northern Cis-Baikal region, Bot. Zh., 1989, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 254–255.Google Scholar
  43. Masyuk, N.P. and Kostikov, I.Yu., Vodorosti v sistemi organichnogo svitu (Algae in the Organic World), Kyiv: Akademperiodika, 2002.Google Scholar
  44. Namsaraev, B.B., Barkhutova, D.D., Danilova, E.V., et al., Geokhimicheskaya deyatel’nost’ mikroorganizmov gidroterm Baikal’skoi riftovoi zony (Geochemical Activity of Microorganisms of Hydrotherms of the Baikal Rift Zone), Vainshtein, M.B., Ed., Novosibirsk: Geo, 2011.Google Scholar
  45. Nikitina, V.N., Blue green algae of mineral and thermal springs of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve, Vestn. Leningr. Gos. Univ., 1983, no. 15, pp. 47–53.Google Scholar
  46. Novoselov, V.A., Biological features of gammarus in plain lakes, in Vodoemy Altaiskogo kraya: biologicheskaya produktivnost’i perspektivy ispol’zovaniya (Reservoirs of Altai Krai: Biological Productivity and Prospective Use), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1999, pp. 104–112.Google Scholar
  47. Okuneva, G.L. and Takhteev, V.V., Finding of testate rhizopods (Foraminifera) in a mineral spring North Lake Baikal, Dokl. Biol. Sci., 2007, vol. 416, no. 1, pp. 394–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pan’kov, N.N. and Krasheninnikov, A.B., Zoobenthos of the springs of Ural and Cis-Ural region (Perm Kama region), Vestn. Perm. Univ., Biol., 2012, no. 1, pp. 18–24.Google Scholar
  49. Pleshanov, A.S. and Kazanovskii, S.G., Early spring aspect of geothermal refugia of Northern Cis-Baikal region, Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii “Sokhranenie biologicheskogo raznoobraziya geotermal’nykh refugiev Baikal’skoi Sibiri,” Irkutsk, 21–22 dekabrya 1999 g. (Proc. Sci. Conf. “Conservation of Biological Diversity of Geothermal Refugia of Baikal Siberia,” Irkutsk, December 21–22, 1999), Irkutsk: Sib. Inst. Fiziol. Biokhim. Rast., Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2000, pp. 23–24.Google Scholar
  50. Pleshanov, A.S. and Takhteev, V.V., Refugiums in Baikal Siberia as reserves of unique biodiversity, Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Razvitie zhizni v protsesse abioticheskikh izmenenii na Zemle,” pos. Listvyanka, Irkutskaya oblast, 18–20 marta 2008 g. (Proc. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “Life Development during Abiotic Changes on the Earth,” Listvyanka Settl., Irkutsk Oblast, March 18–20, 2008), Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2008, pp. 358–370.Google Scholar
  51. Pleshanov, A.S., Bardunov, L.V., Makryi, T.V., et al., Unikal’nye ob”ekty zhivoi prirody basseina Baikala (Unique Objects of Living Nature of the Baikal Lake Basin), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1990.Google Scholar
  52. Radnagurueva, A.A., Lavrentieva, E.V., Budagaeva, V.G., Barkhutova, D.D., Dunaevsky, Ya.E., and Namsaraev, B.B., Organotrophic bacteria of the Baikal Rift Zone hot springs, Microbiology (Moscow), 2016, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 367–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Reznikov, A.A., Mulikovskaya, E.P., and Sokolov, I.Yu., Metody analiza prirodnykh vod (Analysis Methods of Natural Waters), Moscow: Nedra, 1970.Google Scholar
  54. Rezvoi, P.D., Description of reservoirs of the Baikal Ridge according to the studies in 1930, Tr. Baikal. Limnol. Stn., 1937, vol. 7, pp. 23–51.Google Scholar
  55. Schwoerbel, J., Reophile Wassermilben (Acari: Hydrachnellidae) aus Chile. 3. Arten aus Thermalgewässern, Arch. Hydrobiol., 1987, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 399–407.Google Scholar
  56. Shishov, L.L., Tonkonogov, V.D., Lebedeva, I.I., and Gerasimova, M.I. Klassifikatsiya i diagnostika pochv Rossii (Classification and Diagnostics of Russian Soils), Smolensk: Oikumena, 2004.Google Scholar
  57. Sitnikova, T.Ya. and Takhteev, V.V., Gastropods (Gastropoda) from the hot springs of Cis-Baikal region, in Gidrobiologiya vodoemov yuga Vostochnoi Sibiri (Hydrobiology of Southern Reservoirs of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., 2006, pp. 137–150.Google Scholar
  58. Sitnikova, T.Ya. and Takhteev, V.V., Gastropods, in Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Buryatiya: Redkie i nakhodyashchiesya pod ugrozoi ischeznoveniya vidy zhivotnykh, rastenii i gribov (The Red Data Book of Buryatia Republic: Rare and Endangered Species of Animals, Plants, and Fungi), Pronin, N.M., Ed., Ulan-Ude: Buryat. Nauchn. Tsentr, Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2013, ch. 1.3, pp. 47–49.Google Scholar
  59. Sitnikova, T.Ya., Sysoev, A.V., and Prozorova, L.A., Types of freshwater gastropods described by Ya. I. Starobogatov. Family Lymnaeidae, Zool. Issled., 2014, no. 16, pp. 7–37.Google Scholar
  60. Snorrason, S.S., Malmquist, H.J., Ingólfsdóttir, H.B., Ingimundardóttir, P., and Ólafsson, J.S., Effects of geothermal effluents on macrobenthic communities in a pristine sub-arctic lake, Inland Waters, 2011, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 146–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sudakova, E.A. and Egorova, I.N., Finds of Percursaria percursa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) in mineral springs of Central Siberia, Bot. Zh., 2009, vol. 94, no. 11, pp. 1697–1699.Google Scholar
  62. Sviridenko, B.F., Sviridenko, T.V., Murashko, Yu.A., and Bulatova, E.V., Find of green algae Percursaria percursa (Ag.) Bory (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) in the south of West Siberian Plain, Izv. Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., Ser.: Biol., Ekol., 2015, vol. 11, pp. 22–31.Google Scholar
  63. Takhteev, V.V., Classification of springs in the Lake Baikal region by macroinvertebrate communities, Biol. Bull., 2018, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 201–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Takhteev, V.V. and Rozhkova, N.A., Insects. white-tailed skimmer Orthetrum albistylum, in Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Buryatiya: Redkie i nakhodyashchiesya pod ugrozoi ischeznoveniya vidy zhivotnykh, rastenii i gribov (The Red Data Book of Buryatia Republic: Rare and Endangered Species of Animals, Plants, and Fungi), Pronin, N.M., Ed., Ulan-Ude: Buryat. Nauchn. Tsentr, Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2013, ch. 1.5, p. 71.Google Scholar
  65. Takhteev, V.V., Izhboldina, L.A., Pomazkova, G.I., Proviz, V.I., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Bondarenko, N.A., Mazepova, G.F., Rozhkova, N.A., Starobogatov, Ya.I., Galkin, A.N., Pleshanov, A.S., Bessolitsyna, I.A., Rusinek, O.T., and Ambrosova, E.V., Biota of some thermal springs of Cis-Baikal region and related reservoirs, in Issledovaniya vodnykh ekosistem Vostochnoi Sibiri (The Study of Aquatic Ecosystems of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., 2000, pp. 55–100.Google Scholar
  66. Takhteev, V.V., Arbuzov, A.V., Ambrosova, E.V., Shamanova, S.I., Egorova, I.N., and Sudakova, E.A., Nature and modern conditions of hydrothermal ecosystems of Eastern Cis-Baikal region, Materialy Vserossiiskoi konferentsii posvyashchennoi pamyati vydayushchegosya issledovatelya lesov Sibiri Anatoliya Sergeevicha Rozhkova (1925–2005 gg.) “Prirodnaya i antropogennaya dinamika nazemnykh ekosistem,” Irkutsk, 11–15 oktyabrya 2005 g. (Proc. All-Russ. Conf. In Memoriam of the Outstanding Siberian Forest Researcher Anatolii Sergeevich Rozhkov (1925–2005) “Natural and Anthropogenic Dynamics of Terrestrial Ecosystems,” Irkutsk, October 11–15, 2005), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Tekh. Univ., 2005, pp. 98–101.Google Scholar
  67. Takhteev, V.V., Sudakova, E.A., Egorova, I.N., Shamanova, S.I., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Kravtsova, L.S., Rozhkova, N.A., Pomazkova, G.I., Arbuzov, A.V., Ambrosova, E.V., Dubeshko, L.N., Lopatovskaya, O.G., Mering, M., Kaigorodova, I.A., Liventseva, V.G., and Chaplina, I.A., Characteristic of aquatic and terrestrial biocenoses in the abruption places of thermal springs in Eastern Cis-Baikal region, in Gidrobiologiya vodoemov yuga Vostochnoi Sibiri (Hydrobiology of Southern Reservoirs of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., 2006, pp. 111–136.Google Scholar
  68. Takhteev, V.V., Sudakova, E.A., Matveev, A.N., et al., Biota vodoemov Baikal’skoi riftovoi zony (Biota of the Reservoirs of Baikal Rift Zone), Pleshanov, A.S., Ed., Irkutsk: Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., 2009.Google Scholar
  69. Takhteev, V.V., Galimzyanova, A.V., Ambrosova, E.V., Kravtsova, L.S., Rozhkova, N.A., Okuneva, G.L., Semernoi, V.P., Pomazkova, G.I., and Lopatovskaya, O.G., Zoobenthos communities and their seasonal dynamics in nonfreezing springs of Baikal region, Biol. Bull., 2010a, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 638–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Takhteev, V.V., Pleshanov, A.S., Egorova, I.N., Sudakova, E.A., Okuneva, G.L., Pomazkova, G.I., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Kravtsova, L.S., Rozhkova, N.A., and Galimzyanova, A.V., General features and development of aquatic and terrestrial biota of thermal and mineral springs of Baikal region, Izv. Irkutsk. Gos. Univ., Ser.: Biol., Ekol., 2010b, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 33–36.Google Scholar
  71. Takhteev, V.V., Lopatovskaya, O.G., Okuneva, G.L., Pomazkova, G.I., Samoilova, E.A., and Rozhkova, N.A., Ecological description of the sodium chloride mineral springs in the Kirenga River basin and the upper reaches of the Lena River: 1. General characteristics of the springs and their hydrofauna, Inland Water Biol., 2017, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 331–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Tsarenko, P.M., Nomenclatural and taxonomic changes in the classification of “green” algae, Int. J. Algae, 2005, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 299–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Tuxen, S.L., The hot spring of Iceland: Their animal communities and their zoogeographical significance, Zool. Iceland, 1944, vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 1–216.Google Scholar
  74. Vakin, E.A., Khodutkinskie thermal springs, Vestn. Kamchat. Reg. Assots. Uchebn.-Nauchn. Tsentr, Nauki Zemle, 2003, no. 2, pp. 56–69.Google Scholar
  75. Vorob’eva, L.A. Teoriya i prkatika khimicheskogo analiza pochv (Theory and Practice of Chemical Analysis of Soils), Moscow: GEOS, 2006.Google Scholar
  76. Zamaraev, S.M., Adamenko, O.M., Rezanov, G.F., Kul’chitskii, A.A., Adamenko, R.S., and Vikent’eva, N.M. Struktura i istoriya razvitiya Predbaikal’skogo predgornogo progiba (The Structure and History of Development of Cis-Baikal Piedmont Trough), Moscow: Nauka, 1976.Google Scholar
  77. Zhadin, V.I., Life in sources, in Zhizn’presnykh vod SSSR (Life in Freshwater Reservoirs of USSR), Pavlovskii, E.N. and Zhadin, V.I., Eds., Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1950, vol. 3, pp. 707–724.Google Scholar
  78. Zharkov, R.V., Types of thermal waters of Southern Kuril Islands and Northern Sakhalin and their influence on landscapes, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Geogr.) Dissertation, Khabarovsk, 2008.Google Scholar
  79. Zou, S., Li, Q., and Kong, L., Multigene barcoding and phylogeny of geographically widespread muricids (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) along the coast of China, Mar. Biotechnol., 2012, vol. 14, pp. 21–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Takhteev
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. O. Eropova
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. N. Egorova
    • 3
  • G. I. Kobanova
    • 1
  • D. A. Krivenko
    • 3
    • 6
  • A. V. Lishtva
    • 1
  • G. D. Ilin
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. I. Pomazkova
    • 1
  • G. L. Okuneva
    • 1
  • T. Ya. Sitnikova
    • 4
  • T. E. Peretolchina
    • 4
  • E. R. Khadeeva
    • 5
  • O. G. Lopatovskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Irkutsk State UniversityIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Baikal Museum of the Irkutsk Scientific Center, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesListvyanka, Irkutsk oblastRussia
  3. 3.Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  4. 4.Limnological Institute, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  5. 5.Sochava Institute of Geography, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  6. 6.Zapovednoe Pribaikal’eIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations