Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 635–651 | Cite as

Structure and Distribution of the Bird Population in Innermountain Dagestan

  • E. V. VilkovEmail author


This paper analyses the results of bird counts carried out over the period of 1996–2017 in the Innermountain Province of Dagestan. The avian species composition, average population abundance, and ecological pattern of avifauna in a difficult-to-reach mountain area of the republic are described for the first time. Cluster analysis showed that population patterns of the considered sampling areas were not only similar, but also unique because of high heterogeneity of habitats and, consequently, faunal differences, which emerge in mountains under a lack of humidification. It is suggested that a specific pattern of the avifauna of Innermountain Dagestan is provided not only by resident communities of typical mountain birds, but also by adapted populations composed of migratory birds of valleys that nest in mountains.


avifauna ecology habitat bird community Innermountain Province of Dagestan 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ataev, Z.V., Fizicheskaya geografiya Dagestana. Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov (Physical Geography of Dagestan: Manual for Higher Education Students), Moscow: Shkola, 1996, pp. 347–350.Google Scholar
  2. Baranov, A.A., Spatio-temporal dynamics of biological diversity of birds in Altai-Sayan ecological region and its conservation, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Krasnoyarsk, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Beme, L.B., Po Kavkazu: Priroda i okhota (Nature and Hunting in the Caucasus), Moscow: Mosk. O-va. Ispyt. Prir., 1950.Google Scholar
  4. Beme, R.L. and Banin, D.A., Gornaya avifauna yuzhnoi Palearktiki: Ekologo-geograficheskii analiz (Mountain Avifauna of Southern Palearctic: Ecological and Geographic Analysis), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 2001.Google Scholar
  5. Bil’kevich, S.I., Analysis of ornithological fauna of Dagestan, in Protokol zasedaniya Obshchestva estestvoizpytatelei pri Kazanskom universitete. 1892–1893 gg. (The Minutes of the Session of Society of Naturalists of the Kazan State University for 1892–1893), Kazan, 1893, vol. 24, no. 125, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  6. Bogdanov, M.N., Birds of Caucasus, Tr. O-va. Estestvoispyt. Kazan. Univ., 1879, vol. 8, no. 4.Google Scholar
  7. Dinnik, N.Ya., Flight of birds across the Caucasus Range, Izv. Kavk. Otd., Russ. Geogr. O-va, 1887, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 394–405.Google Scholar
  8. Irisov, E.A., Ptitsy v usloviyakh gornykh stran: Analiz ekologo-fiziologicheskikh adaptatsii (Birds in Mountain Countries: Analysis of Ecological and Physiological Adaptations), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1997.Google Scholar
  9. Ménétries, E., Catalogue Raisonné des Objets de Zoologie: Recueillis dans un Voyage au Caucase et Jusqu’aux Frontières Actuelles de la Perse, St. Petersburg: Acad. Impér. Sci., 1832, pp. 1–271.Google Scholar
  10. Naumov, N.P., Ekologiya zhivotnykh (Ecology of Animals), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1963.Google Scholar
  11. Omarov, K.Z. and Magomedov, M.-R.D., Functions and resistance of populations and communities of small mammals in mountain land agriculture in Eastern Caucasus. 2. Communities, Vestn. Dagest. Nauch. Tsentra, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2007, no. 27, pp. 26–34.Google Scholar
  12. Polivanova, N.N., Foreword, in Migratsii i zimovki ptits Severnogo Kavkaza (Migrations and Wintering of Birds in North Caucasus), Stavropol, 1990, no. 11, pp. 5–6.Google Scholar
  13. Radde, G.I., Ornitologicheskaya fauna Kavkaza (Ornithological Fauna of Caucasus), Tiflis: Tipogr. Glavnonach. Grazhd. Chasti Kavk., 1884.Google Scholar
  14. Ravkin, Yu.S., Method of registration of forest birds, in Priroda ochagov kelshchevogo entsefalita na Altae (Nature of Tick Encephalitis Foci in Altai), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1967, pp. 66–75.Google Scholar
  15. Ravkin, Yu.S. and Dobrokhotov, B.P., Method for registration of forest birds in non-nesting period, in Organizatsiya i metody ucheta ptits i vrednykh gryzunov (Organization and Methods of Registration of Birds and Hazardous Rodents), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1963, pp. 130–136.Google Scholar
  16. Rossikov, K.N., Observation of birds in the western part of Northeastern Caucasus, Tr. S.-Peterb. O-va. Estestvoispyt., Otd. Zool. Fiziol., 1888, vol. 19, pp. 36–57.Google Scholar
  17. Satunin, K.A., Zoogeographic districts of Caucasus region, Izv. Kavk. Muz., 1912, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 7–106.Google Scholar
  18. Stepanyan, L.S., Konspekt ornitologicheskoi fauny Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii (v granitsakh SSSR kak istoricheskoi oblasti) (Conspectus of Ornithological Fauna of Russia and Adjacent Territories within USSR as the Historical Region), Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003.Google Scholar
  19. Vilkov, E.V., Specific summer population of birds in Agul’skii district (mountains of Southern Dagestan), Kavk. Ornitol. Vestn., 2001, no. 13, pp. 27–33.Google Scholar
  20. Vilkov, E.V., The structure and territorial distribution of avifauna of hih-altitude Dagestan in conditions of intensive migration, Vserossiiskaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya “Sovremennye problemy biologii i ekologii zhivotnykh” (All-Russ. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “Modern Problems in Biology and Ecology of Animals”), Makhachkala: Dagest. Gos. Pedagog. Univ., 2008, pp. 101–114.Google Scholar
  21. Vilkov, E.V., Structure, abundance and spatial-biotopic distribution of the summer avifauna of central foothill Dagestan, Sb. Nauch. Tr. Azovo-Chernomorsk. Ornitol. Stn., 2009a, no. 12, pp. 48–58.Google Scholar
  22. Vilkov, E.V., Species composition and formation of bird diversity in high-altitude Dagestan, in Zhivotnyi mir gornykh territorii (Fauna of Mountain Territories), Moscow: KMK, 2009b, pp. 243–251.Google Scholar
  23. Vilkov, E.V., Migration strategy and long-term dynamics of swan population in the area of western coast of Central Caspian, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Sev.-Kavk. Reg., Estestv. Nauki, 2010a, no. 4, pp. 98–103.Google Scholar
  24. Vilkov, E.V., The structure and ecological diversity of birds of high-altitude Dagestan, Vestn. Yuzh. Nauch. Tsentra, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2010b, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 52–59.Google Scholar
  25. Vilkov, E.V., Data on the winter population of birds of Intramountain Dagestan, Arid Ecosyst., 2011a, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 110–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vilkov, E.V., Inventory and current state of cranes in Dagestan, Yug Ross.: Ekol., Razvit., 2011b, no. 4, pp. 103–118.Google Scholar
  27. Vilkov, E.V., The structure and ecological diversity of birds in Intramountain Dagestan (by the example of the Gozatl village), Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Pritsy Kavkaza. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i problemy okhrany” (Proc. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “Birds of Caucasus: Modern Status and Protection”), Stavropol: Sev.-Kavk. Gos. Tekh. Univ., 2011c, pp. 25–34.Google Scholar
  28. Vilkov, E.V., Structure and spatio-temporal heterogeneity of the summer population of birds of the high-altitude Dagestan (by the example of the Charodinskii district), Yug Ross.: Ekol., Razvit., 2013a, no. 2, pp. 77–89.Google Scholar
  29. Vilkov, E.V., History of study and structural-territorial relations between birds in high-altitude Dagestan (by the example of Charodinskii and Tlyaratinskii districts), Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii “Ptitsy Kavkaza: istoriya izucheniya, zhizn’ v urbanizirovannoi srede” (Proc. Sci. Conf. “Birds of Caucasus: History of Study and Life in Urban Environment”), Stavropol: Al’fa Print, 2013b, pp. 25–52.Google Scholar
  30. Vilkov, E.V., Fauna and ecology of birds of Tlyaratinskii district (high-altitude Dagestan) as the potential nature protected federal area, Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya “Sovremennye problemy sokhraneniya bioraznoobraziya i prirodopol’zovaniya,” 24–27 sentyabrya 2013 g. (Int. Conf. “Modern Problems of Conservation of Biological Diversity and Nature Management,” September 24–27, 2013), Odessa, 2013c, pp. 9–10.Google Scholar
  31. Vilkov, E.V., Retrospective analysis and current state of the saker falcon (Falco cherrug) in Dagestan, Vestn. S.-Peterb. Gos. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2014, no. 4, pp. 38–48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Caspian Institute of Biological Resources, Dagestan Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesMakhachkalaRussia

Personalised recommendations