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Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 563–575 | Cite as

Phytoplankton of Lake Bol’shie Shvakshty (Belarus) during the Shift of the Ecosystem from a Macrophyte–Weakly Eutrophic to a Phytoplankton–Hypereutrophic State

  • T. M. MikheyevaEmail author
  • B. V. Adamovich
  • T. V. Zhukova
  • I. V. Savich
  • O. I. Belykh
  • E. G. Sorokovikova
  • A. V. Kuzmin
  • G. A. Fedorova
  • R. Z. Kovalevskaya
  • I. N. Selivonchik
  • N. V. Dubko
  • E. V. Luk’yanova
Article
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Abstract

Changes in the quantitative characteristics and functioning of phytoplankton in Lake Bol’shie Shvakshty have been assessed. The changes are evoked by the introduction of herbivorous fishes into the lake and the resulting disturbance of ecological balance in the ecosystem and the shift of the lake into a hypertrophic state from a weakly eutrophic state. Human interference has caused the cyanobacteria density (abundance) and biomass values in the overall phytoplankton composition to strongly exceed (3.5 × 109 cells/L and above 68 μg/L chlorophyll-а, respectively) the threshold value for safe recreational use of water bodies (20 million cells/L and 10 μg/L chlorophyll-а) established by the World Health Organization (WHO). The lake can be assigned to the third level of hazard to human health within the classification proposed by the WHO, as the cyanobacteria density is higher than 100 million cells/L and chlorophyll-а content is higher than 50 μg/L. MC-producing Microcystis species were identified among the cyanobacteria that has propagated in the lake in recent years, and five microcystin variants, including the highly toxic MC-LR, have been detected in the water.

Keywords

Belarus Lake Bol’shie Shvakshty trophic status shift phytoplankton cyanobacteria microcystin 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Mikheyeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. V. Adamovich
    • 1
    • 3
  • T. V. Zhukova
    • 1
  • I. V. Savich
    • 1
  • O. I. Belykh
    • 2
  • E. G. Sorokovikova
    • 2
  • A. V. Kuzmin
    • 2
  • G. A. Fedorova
    • 2
  • R. Z. Kovalevskaya
    • 1
  • I. N. Selivonchik
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. V. Dubko
    • 1
  • E. V. Luk’yanova
    • 1
  1. 1.Belarusian State UniversityMinskRepublic of Belarus
  2. 2.Limnological Institute, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Fish Industry InstituteNational Academy of Sciences of BelarusMinskRepublic of Belarus

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