Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp 522–527 | Cite as

Attitude of Baikal and Palearctic amphipods to oxygen as a factor of environment and mechanism of adaptation to its lowered level

  • M. A. Timofeyev
  • K. A. Kirichenko
  • Zh. M. Shatilina
  • A. V. Rokhin
  • T. P. Pobezhimova
Article

Abstract

The paper presents the materials of a comparative study of characteristics of anaerobic mechanisms use under the conditions of lowered oxygen content by Baikal amphipods Eulimnogammarus vittatus (Dyb.), E. cyaneus (Dyb.), as well as by Palearctic Gammarus lacustris Sars. It is shown that the system of anaerobic metabolism works most effectively for Palearctic G. lacustris. This species is characterized by the least degree of use of low-efficient way of energy production—anaerobic lipolysis, and the highest degree of use of the most efficient way of energy production under the conditions of low oxygen content-anaerobic succinate production. For the Baikal species that are less resistant to the lowered level of oxygen we show more expressed induction of anaerobic lipolysis and lower degree of engagement of anaerobic succinate production.

The degree of development of anaerobic processes in amphipods determines the degree of resistance to hypoxia and is related to ecological characteristics of the species.

Key words

amphipods Baikal hypoxia oxygen anaerobic lipolysis succinate Eulimnogammarus vittatus Eulimnogammarus cyaneus Gammarus lacustris 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    I. M. Levanidova, “On the Problem of Reasons for Incompatibility of Baikal and Palearctic Fauna,” in Proceedings of Baikal Limnological Station AS USSR (1948), Vol. 12, pp. 57–81 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. M. Kozhov, Biology of Lake Baikal (Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow, 1962) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. F. Mazepova, Ostracoda of Baikal (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, 1990) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. A. Timofeyev and K. A. Kirichenko, “Experimental Estimation of Role of Abiotic Factors in Limiting of Distribution of Endemics Beyond Lake Baikal Illustrated by Amphipods,” Sibirskii Ekologicheskii Zh. 11(1), 41 (2004).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K.W. Donsbach, Oxygen—Oxygen—Oxygen (Rockland Corporation, 1993).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Diaz, “Overview of Hypoxia around the World,” J. Environ. Qual. 30, 75 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Ya. Bazikalova, “Materials on Amphipods of Baikal. Oxygen Consumption,” Izv. AN SSSR. Ser. Biol., No. 1, 151 (1941).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. A. Timofeyev, “Comparative Estimate of Responce of Baikal Gammarids and Holarctic Gammarus lacustris to Abiotic Factors,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Irkutsk, 2000).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. A. Timofeyev, “On the Role of Adaptive Abilities in the Distribution of Endemic Amphipods from Lake Baikal,” Verh. Intrenat. Verein. Limnol. 28, 1613 (2002).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. I. Losev, N. K. Khitrov, and S. V. Grachev, Pathophysiology of Hypoxic Conditions and Adaptations of Organism to Hypoxia (Moscow, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. D. Ozernyuk, Mechanisms of Adaptation (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. A. Bel’chenko, “Adaptation of Man and Animals to Hypoxia of Different Origin,” Sorosovskii Obrazovatel’nyi Zh. (Soros Educational Journal), No. 7, 33 (2001).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Hervant, J. Mathieu, and G. Messana, “Locomotory, Ventilatory and Metabolic Responses of the Subterranean Stenasellus virei (Crustacea, Isopoda) to Severe Hypoxia and Subsequent Recovery,” C. R. Acad. Sci. III 320(2), 139 (1997).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. Hervan, D. Garin, J. Mathieu, and A. Freminet, “Lactate Metabolism and Glucose Turnover in the Subterranean Crustacean during Post-Hypoxic Recovery,” J. Exp. Biol. 202, 579 (1999).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. A. Timofeyev, K. A. Kirichenko, and A. V. Rokhin, “On the Problem of Existence of Mechanisms of Resistance to Hypoxia of Baikal Amphipods,” Byul. VSNTs SO RAMN, No. 7, 152 (2003).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. V. Veinberg, “Communities of Macrozoobenthos of Rocky Beach of Lake Baikal,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Irkutsk, 1995).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. V. Veinberg and R. M. Kamaltynov, “Communitieis of Macrozoobenthos of Rocky Beach of Lake Baikal,” Zoologicheskii Zh. 77(3), 259 (1998).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Yu. Bekman, “Biology of Gammarus lacustris Sars in Water Bodies near Baikal,” in Proceedings of Baikal Limnological Station AS USSR (1954), Vol. 14, pp. 268–311 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. P. Safronov, “Composition and Ecology of Species of Genus Gammarus fabricus in the South of East Siberia,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Irkutsk, 1993).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. I. Maevskii, E. V. Grishina, A. S. Rozenfel’ld, A. M. Zyakun, I. M. Vereshchagina, and M. N. Kondrashova, “Anaerobic Succinate Production and Facilitation of Its Oxidation as Possible Mechanisms of Adaptation of Cells to Low Oxygen,” Rossiiskii Biomeditsinskii Zh. 1(3), 32 (2000).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Hochachka and R. Dressendorfer, “Succinate Accumulation in Man during Exercise,” Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 35(4), 235 (1976).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Wiasner, P. Roxen, and M. Grieshaber, “Pathways of Succinate Formation and Their Contribution to Improvement of Cardiac Function in the Hypoxic Rat Heart,” Biochem. Med. Metab. Biol. 40(1), 19 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Ohkado, H. Cao-Danh, K. E. Sommers, and P. J. del Nido, “Buffering Capacity of Histidine in Cardioplegia Analyzed by Myocardial Production of Lactate and Alanine,” Kuobu Geka 46(12), 1021 (1993).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. Buck, “Succinate and Alanine As Anaerobic End-Products in the Diving Turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii),” Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B 126(3), 409 (2000).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Timofeyev
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. A. Kirichenko
    • 3
  • Zh. M. Shatilina
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. V. Rokhin
    • 2
  • T. P. Pobezhimova
    • 3
  1. 1.Baikal Research CentreIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Irkutsk State UniversityIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Siberian Institute of Physiology and Biochemistry of PlantsSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations