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Ecological relations of agricultural populations of ecdysteroid-containing plants Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin and Serratula coronata L. with herbivorous insects report 2. Composition variability of phytoecdysteroids in agrocenoses and their role in the vulnerability of plants to phytophagans

  • N. P. Timofeev
Article

Abstract

The accumulation and variability of ecdysteroids, which are analogs of the insect molting hormones, were studied during ontogeny of agricultural populations of Rhaponticum carthamoides (Leuzea carthamoides DC.) and Serratula coronata with relation to the plant age and cultivation conditions. The physiological role of ecdysteroids in the ecological interactions with pests was evaluated.

It was found that the enhancement of herbivore activity coincided with biochemical changes in the composition of ecdysteroids having different physiological activities and was accompanied by damage to reproductive organs. During ontogenetic (age-related) changes and seasonal development in the vegetation season, the content of the physiologically active ecdysteroid 20-hydroxyecdysone decreased and relatively moderately active inokosterone and weakly active ecdysone were accumulated in reproductive shoots.

Accumulation of the weakly active ecdysteroid ecdysone in phytomass is affected by environmental conditions and anthropogenic factors of cultivation. The factors contributing to the damage potential are environmental microclimate, relief features of population locations, and agrotechnical measures (frequency of phytomass removal, excessive moisture content in the rooting layer).

Key words

Rhaponticum carthamoides Serratula coronata phytoecdysteroids 20-hydroxyecdysone ecdysone herbivore damage cultivation conditions 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific-Production Enterprise Farm “BIO”Koryazhma, Arkhangel’sk oblastRussia

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