Final Preferred Temperature of Juvenile Three-Spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
- 6 Downloads
The preferred temperatures of juvenile three-spined stickleback from bodies of freshwater of the White Sea coastal region are studied under experimental conditions. The final preferred temperature in the young-of-the-year is 15.2°C, regardless of the acclimation temperature (11, 16, and 20°C). The increased duration of experiments (10 days) made it possible to track the process of the temperature selection as a whole, rather than observing its particular phases. A comparison of the original results with the literature data reveal possible differences in the temperature characteristics, both in geographically remote populations of the three-spined stickleback and between its freshwater and marine forms.
Keywords:Gasterosteus aculeatus final preferred temperature thermoregulatory behavior
We are grateful to A.A. Bolotovskii for providing the live material for research.
This work was performed as part of State Task no. AAAA-A18-118012690102-9 with support from the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Theme no. 0122-2018-0001.
COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS
Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
- 1.Atlas presnovodnykh ryb Rossii (Atlas of Freshwater Fishes of Russia), Moscow: Nauka, 2002, vol. 2.Google Scholar
- 3.Ivlev, V.S., Elements of physiological hydrobiology, in Fiziologiya morskikh zhivotnykh (Physiology of Marine Animals), Moscow: Nauka, 1966, pp. 3–45.Google Scholar
- 4.Lapkin, V.V., Svirskii, A.M., and Sopov, Yu.N., Chosen temperature and acclimation temperature of fish, Zool. Zh., 1979, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 1659–1670.Google Scholar
- 5.Ozernyuk, N.D., Temperaturnye adaptatsii (Temperature Adaptations), Moscow: Mosk. Univ., 2000.Google Scholar
- 6.Svirskii, A.M., Fish behavior under heterothermal conditions, in Doklady 2-go Vserosiiskogo soveshchaniya “Povedenie i raspredelenie ryb” (Proc. 2nd All-Russia Conf. “Fish Behavior and Distribution”), Borok, 1996, pp. 140–152.Google Scholar
- 7.Svirskii, A.M. and Golovanov, V.K., Effect of acclimation temperature on thermoregulation behavior of immature bream Abramis brama (L.) in different seasons, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1991, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 974–980.Google Scholar
- 8.Smirnov, A.K., Effect of the presence of food in the optimum temperature zone on the behavior of immature perch Perca fluviatilis L., Vestn. Astrakhan. Gos. Tekh. Univ., Ser. Rybn. Khoz., 2013, no. 1, pp. 75–82.Google Scholar
- 9.Khlebovich, V.V., Akklimatsiya zhivotnykh organizmov (Acclimation of Animal Organisms), Leningrad: Nauka, 1981.Google Scholar
- 10.Shilov, I.A., Ekologiya (Ecology), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 2001.Google Scholar
- 12.Fry, F.E.J., Effect of the Environment on Animal Activity, Univ. Toronto Studies, Biol. Ser., Publ. Ont. Fish. Res. Lab., 1947, no. 68.Google Scholar