Inland Water Biology

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 83–87 | Cite as

Final Preferred Temperature of Juvenile Three-Spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

  • A. K. SmirnovEmail author
  • E. S. Smirnova


The preferred temperatures of juvenile three-spined stickleback from bodies of freshwater of the White Sea coastal region are studied under experimental conditions. The final preferred temperature in the young-of-the-year is 15.2°C, regardless of the acclimation temperature (11, 16, and 20°C). The increased duration of experiments (10 days) made it possible to track the process of the temperature selection as a whole, rather than observing its particular phases. A comparison of the original results with the literature data reveal possible differences in the temperature characteristics, both in geographically remote populations of the three-spined stickleback and between its freshwater and marine forms.


Gasterosteus aculeatus final preferred temperature thermoregulatory behavior 



We are grateful to A.A. Bolotovskii for providing the live material for research.

This work was performed as part of State Task no. AAAA-A18-118012690102-9 with support from the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Theme no. 0122-2018-0001.


Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of SciencesBorokRussia

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