THE EFFECT OF 92-DAY SUBACUTE EXPOSURE TO SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES ON TRACE ELEMENT HOMEOSTASIS IN WISTAR RATS
OSUNT90T® single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were administered with drinking water at doses of 0 (control), 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, and 10 mg/kg body weight (bw) to juvenile male Wistar rats for 100 days. The levels of 17 chemical elements (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, V, and Zn) in the liver, kidneys, spleen, brain, and testes were assessed using ICP-MS. A decrease of the content of certain chemical elements, including As, Pb, Cd, Cs, and Se, in the organs of animals that received SWCNTs and an increase of vanadium (V) and silver (Ag) levels in the kidneys were detected. The absence of a dependence between most of these effects and the nanomaterial dose along with preferential manifestation of the effects at low (0.01 and 0.1 mg/kg bw) doses are indicative of a complex systemic biochemical mechanism, apparently dependent on agglomeration at high concentrations, underlying the effects of SWCNTs on element homeostasis.
The study was supported by the subsidy for the fulfillment of the State Assignment within the framework of the Fundamental Research Program (Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, theme 0529-2014-0053).
- 11.V. A. Shipelin, A. A. Shumakova, Kh. S. Soto, et al., “Influence of single-walled carbon nanotubes ingestion by rats on their integral and biochemical indices,” Gigiena Sanit. 98, 332 (2018). https://doi.org/10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-3-332-338 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.DELTA Professional with New Technology X-act Count. www.olympus-ims.com/ru/xrf-xrd/delta-handheld/delta-prof/.Google Scholar
- 17.J. W. Lee, E. J. Won, H. M. Kang, et al., “Effects of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) on antioxidant depletion, the ERK signaling pathway, and copper bioavailability in the copepod (Tigriopus japonicus),” Aquat. Toxicol. 171, 9 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.12.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 24.J. W. Lee, H. M. Kang, E. J. Won, et al., “Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) lead to growth retardation, antioxidant depletion, and activation of the ERK signaling pathway but decrease copper bioavailability in the monogonont rotifer (Brachionus koreanus),” Aquat. Toxicol. 172, 67 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.12.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar