Advertisement

Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 867–873 | Cite as

Lifetime of Odd Oxygen

  • I. K. LarinEmail author
CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Data on the lifetime of odd oxygen Ox in the Northern Hemisphere at a latitude range of 10°–80° in December and June 1995 are presented. These data were obtained using the SOCRATES interactive two-dimensional radiation-chemical model, in which the total destruction rate of Ox in the catalytic cycles of Ox, HOx, NOx, ClOx, and BrOx and the concentration of Ox, equivalent to a sum of O3, O(3P), and O(1D) concentrations for the above conditions, all of which it is necessary to know to calculate the lifetime of Ox, were previously calculated. The RCP 4.5 scenario of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the conditions of December and June 1995 was used as the initial conditions for calculations using the SOCRATES model. It is shown that in June, the atmospheric lifetime of Ox lie in a rather narrow altitudinal–latitudinal interval, and the lifetimes for December and June in the lower stratosphere are the same, which is explained by the same conditions in this zone during these seasons. It is also shown that at higher altitudes and latitudes, the lifetimes of odd oxygen in December are significantly longer than those in June, which largely explains the difference in the destruction rates of odd oxygen in December and June.

Keywords:

odd oxygen atmospheric lifetime of odd oxygen catalytic cycles limiting stage of the chain process ozone destruction rate 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    I. K. Larin, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 11, 375 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Brasseur and S. Solomon, Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere, 3rd ed. (Springer, Montreal, Canada, 2005), p. 644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. J. Jacob, Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1999), p. 267.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. K. Larin, Chemical Physics of the Ozone Layer (Russ. Akad. Nauk, Moscow, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    http://acd.ucar.edu/models/SOCRATES/.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    http://tntcat.iiasa.ac.at:8787/RcpDb/dsd?Action=htmlpage&page=welcome.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Report No. 55 (World Meteorological Organization, 2014).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Chapman, Philos. Mag. 10, 369 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. J. Crutzen, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 7311 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. A. W. Gerrstl, A. Zardecki, and H. L. Wiser, Nature (London, U.K.) 294, 352 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. S. Stolarski and R. J. Cicerone, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1610 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. C. Wofsy and M. B. McElroy, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1582 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. C. Wofsy, M. B. McElroy, and Y. L. Yung, Geophys. Rev. Lett. 2, 215 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Y. L. Yung, J. P. Pinto, R. T. Watson, and S. P. Sander, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 339 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tal’rose Institute of Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations