Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 755–762 | Cite as

Effects of Aluminum Additions on the Specific Impulse of Propellants Based on High-Enthalpy Oxidizers Containing NO2 and NF2 Groups

  • E. M. Dorofeenko
  • A. B. Sheremetev
  • D. B. LempertEmail author


The combustion products ratio and the energy characteristics were evaluated for solid composite propellants containing a mixture of 5,10-bis(trinitromethyl)furazano[3,4-e]di([1,2,4]triazolo)[4,3-a:3',4'-c]pyrazine (I) and 5,10-bis(difluoroamino-dinitromethyl)furazano[3,4-e]di([1,2,4]triazolo)[4,3-a:3',4'-c]pyrazine (II), a binder, and aluminum in various ratios. The introduction of small amounts of Al made it possible to increase the achieved specific impulse Isp by 2.0–2.5 s; the increase was maximum at F/H > 1, but stopped after COF2 started to form in the combustion products at the nozzle exit.


difluoroamines nitro compounds specific impulse combustion temperature solid composite propellant aluminum 



This study was financially supported by the Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (topic no. 0089-2014-0019 “Creation of high-energy materials and technologies for developed and advanced systems”) and the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (program “Basic principles of innovative technologies for national safety purposes,” topic “Studies of working processes during combustion of solid propellants in the combustion chamber of a high-speed direct flow ramjet engine”).


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Dorofeenko
    • 1
  • A. B. Sheremetev
    • 2
  • D. B. Lempert
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  2. 2.Zelinskii Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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