Synthesis of graphene films in a flame
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The results of studying the synthesis of graphenes in a premixed propane-oxygen-argon flame at atmospheric conditions are reported. The temperature of 900–950°C and exposure time of 5 min are demonstrated to be suitable for the synthesis of graphene films on a nickel substrate, which is preferable to a copper substrate. It is demonstrated that the formation of graphene layers on the substrate occurs vertically along the flame height, with subsequent changeover to a soot structure. It is shown that the minimum number of graphene layers (two or three) is observed at angles of inclination of the substrate relative to the vertical axis of the flame within 0°–30°.
Keywordsgraphene graphene layers flame burning propane argon carbon black Raman spectrum
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