Heterogeneity of epidermal cells in relation to nickel accumulation in hyperaccumulator plants belonging to the genus Alyssum L.
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Epidermal cells of some plants are able to accumulate high levels of heavy metals (Zn, Ni, Cd). We studied this ability in plants in the genus Alyssum L. distinguished by tolerance to nickel (Ni). It was established that the predominant Ni accumulation occurred in epidermis, whereas in other tissues lower concentrations of the metal were revealed. It was also found that epidermal cells were characterized by heterogeneity in relation to Ni accumulation. The highest metal amount was accumulated in ordinary epidermal cells and in trichomes. Species-specific features of Ni distribution in leaf tissues in Alyssum spp. were shown. The reasons for the heterogeneity of epidermal cells in relation to Ni accumulation were discussed. We have attempted to resolve the contradictions encountered in the literature concerning the distribution and accumulation of Ni in the leaf tissues of plants belonging to the genus Alyssum L.
Keywordsepidermis trichomes heterogeneity of cells compartmentalization nickel hyperaccumulator Alyssum
trichome basal compartment
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