Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 87–94 | Cite as

Land use change and resource management in the Jnane Mas valley (Khenifra, Middle Atlas, Morocco)

  • Brahim AkdimEmail author
  • Ramon Julia
  • Mohamed Laaouane
Geography Abroad


The purpose of this paper is to bring into light the landscape change and natural resources management in the Moroccan Middle Atlas across centuries. The pastoral way of life prevailed for many centuries. However, following the results of this research, evidence of important socioeconomic changes and resources use is found. Ancient agricultural activities, as well as the exploitation of the forest and even mineral resources have been growing activities over time. The survey shows that the agricultural activity has existed for several centuries as indicated by terraces and encrusted travertine channels used for irrigation. The landscapes and the ways of resources use are therefore in continuous change. The increasing needs in water and agriculture for demographic and climatic reasons (the dry periods in summer or periodic droughts) generated because of intensive over-exploitation of resources. The vegetation degraded facing human pressure (the pastoral activities, the coal of wood making, the lime manufacturing, etc.). Field observations show that irrigation has been used in this domain, for several centuries. Travertine channels, encrusted in the valleys of Jnane Mas and Arougou, illustrate these ancient uses of water resources for agriculture irrigation.


Morocco Middle Atlas landscape resources change 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FLS, LAGEAUniversity Sidi Mohamed Ben AbdellahFezMorocco
  2. 2.CSIC Jaume AlmeraBarcelonaSpain

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