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Russian Journal of Pacific Geology

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 339–353 | Cite as

Specific features of the mineral composition and petromagnetic properties of rocks from the Minami-Khiosi submarine volcano (Mariana island arc)

  • V. A. RashidovEmail author
  • O. V. Pilipenko
  • V. V. Petrova
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Complex studies of the mineral composition and petromagnetic properties of the rocks which compose an edifice of the Minami–Khiosi submarine volcano located in the Mariana island arc are carried out for the first time. The Minami–Khiosi Volcano is a part of the Khiosi volcanic complex within the alkaline province of the Idzu–Bonin and Mariana island arcs. All of the rocks analyzed are enriched in K2O (1.34–3.30%), Ba (370–806 ppm), and Sr (204–748 ppm). The basalt has a porhyric texture and contains mosTy olivine phenocrysts as individual crystals and growths with a size up to 2 cm; the groundmass is finecrystalline. The samples studied contain at least three Fe-bearing oxide minerals. These are predominant magnetite and less abundant ilmenite and Fe hydroxides. It is established that the samples studied are magnetically isotropic and have high values of natural remanent magnetization and Königsberger ratio. Similarly to the other island-arc Late Cenozoic submarine volcanoes in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, the samples studied are strongly differentiated by the value of natural remanent magnetization and magnetic susceptibility. The low-coercivity magnetic minerals (titanomagnetite and magnetite) of the pseudo-single-domain structure, as well as high-coercivity minerals (hematite) are the main carriers of magnetization. The high values of natural remanent magnetization are explained by the pseudo-single-domain structure of the titanomagnetite grains, whereas the high values of magnetic susceptibility result from the high concentration of ferromagnetic grains.

Keywords

basalt mineralogical and petromagnetic studies submarine volcano Minami–Khiosi Mariana island arc 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Rashidov
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. V. Pilipenko
    • 2
  • V. V. Petrova
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Volcanology and SeismologyFar East Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia
  2. 2.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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