Knauf’s degree and monodromy in planar potential scattering
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We consider Hamiltonian systems on (T*ℝ2, dq ∧ dp) defined by a Hamiltonian function H of the “classical” form H = p 2/2 + V(q). A reasonable decay assumption V(q) → 0, ‖q‖ → ∞, allows one to compare a given distribution of initial conditions at t = −∞ with their final distribution at t = +∞. To describe this Knauf introduced a topological invariant deg(E), which, for a nontrapping energy E > 0, is given by the degree of the scattering map. For rotationally symmetric potentials V(q) = W(‖q‖), scattering monodromy has been introduced independently as another topological invariant. In the present paper we demonstrate that, in the rotationally symmetric case, Knauf’s degree deg(E) and scattering monodromy are related to one another. Specifically, we show that scattering monodromy is given by the jump of the degree deg(E), which appears when the nontrapping energy E goes from low to high values.
KeywordsHamiltonian system Liouville integrability nontrapping degree of scattering scattering monodromy
MSC2010 numbers37J35 70F99 70H05
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