Steering by transient destabilization in piecewise-holonomic models of legged locomotion
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We study turning strategies in low-dimensional models of legged locomotion in the horizontal plane. Since the constraints due to foot placement switch from stride to stride, these models are piecewise-holonomic, and this can cause stride-to-stride changes in angular momentum and in the ratio of rotational to translational kinetic energy. Using phase plane analyses and parameter studies based on experimental observations of insects, we investigate how these changes can be harnessed to produce rapid turns, and compare the results with dynamical cockroach data. Qualitative similarities between the model and insect data suggest general strategies that could be implemented in legged robots.
Key wordsbiomechanics hybrid dynamical system insect locomotion passive stability piecewise holonomy robotics turning transient instability
MSC2000 numbers37J15 37J25 70E18 70H03 37J60 92B05
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