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Polymer Science Series B

, Volume 54, Issue 3–4, pp 153–160 | Cite as

Well-defined nanofiberous polystyrene nanocomposites with twofold chains by ATRP

  • Hossein Roghani-MamaqaniEmail author
  • Vahid Haddadi-Asl
  • Mohammad Najafi
  • Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi
Composites

Abstract

Polystyrene nanocomposites, being a combination of nanoclay-attached and free polystyrene chains were prepared using in situ atom transfer radical polymerization. Subsequently, they were electrospun to form fibers with diameter varying from 450–700 nm according to scanning electron microscopy data; in addition, the transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction analysis revealed that nanoclay layers were oriented along the nanofiber axis during the electrospinning process. Molecular weight of the extracted free polymer chains from the nanocomposites is higher than the attached chains. However, Anchored chains are characterized by higher polydispersity index in comparison with the free ones. Polydispersity index of polymer chains increases by the addition of nanoclay. Thermogravimetric analysis results shows that increasing clay content leads to a decrease in the quantity of polymer chains attached to the clay surface.

Keywords

Montmorillonite Polymer Science Series Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Composite Nanofibers Reversible Addition Fragmentation Chain Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vahid Haddadi-Asl
    • 1
  • Mohammad Najafi
    • 2
  • Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Engineering and Color TechnologyAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Polymer Engineering DivisionResearch Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI)TehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Polymer EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran

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