The study of the interaction between chitosan and 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid during solid-phase synthesis
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- Demina, T.S., Akopova, T.A., Vladimirov, L.V. et al. Polym. Sci. Ser. B (2011) 53: 358. doi:10.1134/S1560090411060030
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New polymer salts and N-acetylated chitosan derivatives are prepared in an extruder by the method of solid-phase synthesis via the interaction of chitosan and 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid. The effect of the initial component ratio and temperature on the yield and structure of the target products is studied. Joint deformation of solid components at room temperature is found to cause the quantitative formation of salt bonds between carboxylic groups of the acid and amino groups of chitosan. At elevated temperatures of synthesis, the corresponding acetylated derivatives with a degree of substitution of amino groups varying from 0.16 to 0.43 are prepared. The relaxation and phase transitions in the polymer salts and acetylated chitosan derivatives and their sorptional activity are studied. The films prepared from aqueous solutions of the new salt modification of chitosan are characterized by a homogeneous structure and improved mechanical characteristics relative to those of the films based on chitosan acetates. An additional thermal treatment of the products of the solid-phase synthesis leads to the formation of crosslinked and water-swollen materials that can be used for the development of novel polymeric chitosan-based membranes and sorbents.