A method of faster in silico folding of proteins
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The successful deciphering of the human genome has highlighted an old challenge in protein science: for most of the resolved protein sequences, we do not know the corresponding structures and functions. Neither do we understand in detail the mechanism by which a protein folds into its biologically active form. Computer experiments offer one way to evaluate the sequence-structure relationship and the folding process but are extremely difficult for detailed protein models. This is because the energy landscape of all-atom protein models is characterized by a multitude of local minima separated by high-energy barriers. Here, we describe an algorithm that allows one to partially overcome this multiple-minima problem. For this purpose a formulation of Lagrange’s equation of motion for proteins described by internal coordinates is presented. Unlike in previous work, not only velocities and accelerations are described by bond length, bond angles, and dihedral angles, but a complete formalism is presented that includes also the positions of atoms and rotation vectors.
PACS numbers11.10.Ef 45.20.Jj
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