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Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 391–421 | Cite as

Selenga Ore District in Western Transbaikalia: Structural–Minerogenic Zoning, Genetic Types of Ore Deposits, and Geodynamic Settings of Ore Localization

  • I. V. GordienkoEmail author
  • R. A. Badmatsyrenova
  • V. S. Lantseva
  • A. L. Elbaev
Article
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract—

Integrated structural geological, minerogenic, and metallogenic studies with allowance for previous topical surveying, geological mapping and prospecting, and mineral exploration data has revealed that Upper Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic tectonomagmatic structures are widespread in the Selenga ore district. They are associated with the evolution of the transregional Upper Paleozoic Selenga–Vitim rift-related volcanoplutonic belt and the formation of the Early Mesozoic West Transbaikalian region of intraplate magmatism. Late Paleozoic–Mesozoic igneous activity accounts for the bulk of mineable mineral resources in the Selenga ore district concentrated inside and outside the ore clusters (Kunalei, Kizhinga, Cheremshana–Oshurkovo, Tashir, etc.). It is demonstrated that the main mineable metals in the district are molybdenum and beryllium, which determine the minerogenic specificity of the ore district. New compositional characteristics of the Upper Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic intraplate magmatic complexes and the associated mineral deposits (Mo, Be, Ti, quartz, fluorite, and apatite ores), as well as other promising gold, uranium, and REE–Ba–Sr ore occurrences were obtained. The geodynamic settings of their formation and the ages of the main ore-forming processes have been established; the viability of the mining industry in the Selenga ore district and the feasibility of involving its ore potential in the district’s economic modernization program have been assessed.

Keywords:

geological structure ore district strategic minerals structural–minerogenic zoning genetic types of ore deposits outlook for economic development 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to Academician V.V. Yarmolyuk for critical remarks and comments, which helped to improve this article, and to M.Sh. Bardina and A.A. Kalenykh for technical assistance.

FUNDING

This study was supported by the RAS Presidium (Program no. 1.4P “Deposits of Strategic Minerals in Russia: Innovative Approaches to Their Forecasting, Evaluation, and Mining”) and partially by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project nos. 15-05-01633a and 18-45-030016 r_a).

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Gordienko
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. A. Badmatsyrenova
    • 1
  • V. S. Lantseva
    • 1
  • A. L. Elbaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesUlan-UdeRussia

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