Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 103–111 | Cite as

Low-sulfide PGE and nickel sulfide metallogeny of Paleoproterozoic riftogenesis of the Fennoscandian Shield

  • S. I. Turchenko


By the end of the Archean, the period of active volcanism, plutonism, accretion, and cratonization had been completed by the construction of stable continental plates. Afterward, cratons were subject to intense extension owing to mainly mantle diapirism and ascent of asthenospheric flows, which gave rise to the formation of ensialic intracratonic basins, whereas other linear troughs were expressed in the formation of continental rifts. Zones of continental rifting are characterized by a wide spectrum of mineral resources (Cu, Ni, PGE, Co, Ti, V, etc.) related to igneous complexes. This paper is focused on metallogeny of nickel-sulfide and PGE mineralization in the Fennoscandian Shield. The results of metallogenic analysis of Paleoproterozoic riftogenesis, along with the account of previous achievements, have shown that the aforementioned mineralization is related to three consecutive plume-tectonic pulses of mantle activization, which are expressed in (i) upwelling of the subcontinental mantle enriched in LREE, (ii) intrusion of mafic and ultramafic melts derived from enriched and depleted Archean mantle sources, and (iii) formation of low-sulfide Pt–Pd and Pt-bearing Cu–Ni sulfide deposits.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alapieti, T.T. and Karki, A.J, Early Palaeoproterozoic (2.5–2.4) Tornio-Narankavaara layered intrusion belt and related chrome and platinum-group element mineralization, Northern Finland, Field Trip Guidebook, Prepared for the 10th Platinum Symposium in Oulu, Finland, 2005, Oulu: 2005.Google Scholar
  2. Alapieti, T.T., Filen, B.A., Lahtinen, J.J., et al., Early Proterozoic layered intrusion in the north-eastern part of the Fennoscandian Shield, Mineral. Petrol., 1990, vol. 42, pp. 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amelin, Yu.A., Heaman, L.M., and Semenov, V.S., U-Pb geochronology of layered mafic intrusions in the Eastern Baltic Shield: implication for the timing and duration of Paleoproterozoic continental rifting, Precambrian Res., 1995, vol. 75, pp. 31–46.Google Scholar
  4. Balashov, Yu.A., Bayanova, T.B., and Mitrofanov, F.P, Isotope data on the genesis of layered basic-ultrabasic intrusion in the Kola Peninsula and Northern Karelia, northeastern Baltic Shield, Precambrian. Res., 1993, vol. 64, pp. 197–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bayanova, T.B. and Mitrofanov, F.P. Most important results and significance of isotope-geochemical studies for tasks of regional geology of the Fennoscandian shield, Vestn. Kol’sk. Nauchn. Ts. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2012, no. 1, pp. 22–32.Google Scholar
  6. Bogomolov, E.S., Guseva, V.F., and Turchenko, S.I., Mantle origin of the Pana Tundra layered mafic intrusion: evidence from Sm–Nd and Rb–Sr data, Geochem. Int., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 855–859.Google Scholar
  7. Buiko, A.K., Levchenkov, O.A., Turchenko, S.I., and Drubetskoi, E.R, Geology and isotope dating of the Early Proterozoic Sumian–Sarioliam Complex of North Karelia (Paanajarvi–Tsipringa strucure), Stratigraf. Geol. Korrelyatsiya, 1995, vol. 4, pp. 16–30.Google Scholar
  8. Grokhovskaya, T.L., Distler V.V., Zakharov, A.A., et al., Association of PGM minerals in the Lukullaisvaara layered intrusion, North Karelia, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1989, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 430–434.Google Scholar
  9. Hanski, E.J. and Smolkin, V.F, Pechenga ferropicrites and other Early Proterozoic picrites in the eastern part of the Baltic Shield, Precambrian Res., 1989, vol. 45, pp. 63–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huhma, H., Sm-Nd, U-Pb isotopic evidence for the origin of the Early Proterozoic Svecokarelian crust in Finland, Geol. Surv. Finl. Bull., 1986, vol. 337, pp. 1–48.Google Scholar
  11. McClay, K.R. and Campbell, I.H, The structure and shape of the Jimberlina intrusion, Geol. Mag., 1976, vol. 113, pp. 129–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mitrofanov, F.P. and Bayanova, T.B, Duration and timing of ore-bearing Paleoproterozoic intrusion of Kola Province, Mineral Deposits: Processes to Processing, Rotterdam: Balkema, 1999, pp. 58–67.Google Scholar
  13. Nelson, D.O., Morrison, D.A., and Phinney, W.C, Opensystem evolution versus source control in basaltic magmas: Matachevan–Hearst dike swarm, Superior Province, Canada, Can. J. Earth Sci., 1990, vol. 27, pp. 767–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Roscoe, S.M. and Card, K.D, Early Proterozoic tectonic and metallogeny of the Lake Huron region of the Canadian Shield, Precambrian Res., 1992, vol. 58, pp. 99–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rybakov, S.I., Golubev, A.I., Slyusarev, V.D., et al., Metallogeniya Karelii (Metallogeny of Karelia), Petrozavodsk: Kar.NTs RAN, 1999.Google Scholar
  16. Shcheglov, A.D., Moskaleva, V.N., Markovskii, B.A., et al., Magmatizm i metallogeniya riftovykh sistem vostochnoi chasti Baltiiskogo shchita (Magmatism and Metallogeny of the Rift Systems of the Eastern Baltic Shield), St-Petersburg: Nedra, 1993.Google Scholar
  17. Smol’kin, V.F, Magmatism of the Early Proterozoic (2.5–1.7 Ga) Rift System in the Northwestern Baltic Shield, Petrology, 1997, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 349–411.Google Scholar
  18. Smol’kin, V.F.Google Scholar
  19. Mitrofanov, F.P., Avedisyan, A.A., et al., Magmatizm, sedimentogenez i geodinamika Pechengskoi paleoriftogennoi struktury (Magmatism, Sedimentogenesis, and Geodynamics of the Pechenga Paleorift Structure), Apatity: KNTs RAN, 1995.Google Scholar
  20. Southwick, D.L. and Halls, H.C, Compositional characteristics of the Kenora–Kabetogama dyke swarm (Early Proterozoic), Minnesota and Ontario, Can. J. Earth Sci., 1987, vol. 24, pp. 2197–2205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Turchenko, S.I, Precambrian metallogeny related to tectonics in the eastern part of the Baltic Shield, Precambrian Res., 1992, vol. 58, pp. 121–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Turchenko, S.I., Buiko, A.K., Semenov, V.S., et al., Riftogenic nature of the Early Proterozoic North Karelian belt and its metallogenic specialization, in Geodinamika i glubinnoe stroenie sovetskoi chasti Baltiiskogo shchita. (Geodynamics and Deep Structure of the Soviet Baltic Shield), Apatity: KNTs RAN, 1992, vol. 1, pp. 92–99.Google Scholar
  23. Turchenko, S.I., Antipov, V.S., Vostroknutov, E.P., et al., Remote and geological evidence for the Proterozoic rift and distribution of gold mienralizaiton in the eastern Baltic Shield, Issledovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 1997, no. 3, pp. 3–17.Google Scholar
  24. Vaganov, P.A., Turchenko, S.I., and Turchenko, A.S, Geochemical features of the PGE-bearing rocks of the Pana Tundra layered gabbronorite massif (Kola Peninsula), Vestn. SPb. Univ., Ser. 7, 2000, no. 1, pp. 23–36.Google Scholar
  25. Vogel, D.C., Vuallo, J.I., Alapieti, T.T., et al., Tectonic, stratigraphic and geochemical comparisons between ca. 2500–2440 Ma mafic igneous events in the Canadian and Fennoscandian shields, Precambrian Res., 1998, vol. 92, pp. 89–116.Google Scholar
  26. Weaver, B.L. and Tarney, J, The Scouire dyke suite: petrogenesis and geochemical nature of the Proterozoic sub-continental mantle, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1981, vol. 78, pp. 175–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wilson, A.H. and Prendergast, M.D., The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe, in Magmatic Sulphides, London: Zimbabwe Volume,1989, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Precambrian Geology and GeochronologyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations