Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 55, Issue 7, pp 532–540 | Cite as

Davinciite, Na12K3Ca6Fe 3 2+ Zr3(Si26O73OH)Cl2, a New K,Na-Ordered mineral of the eudialyte group from the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia

  • A. P. Khomyakov
  • G. N. Nechelyustov
  • R. K. Rastsvetaeva
  • K. A. Rozenberg


This paper presents a description of a new zirconosilicate of the eudialyte group, which was named davinciite in honor of Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), a famous Italian scientist, painter, sculptor and architect. The new mineral has been found in hyperagpaitic pegmatite at the Rasvumchorr Mountain, Khibiny Pluton, Kola Peninsula, as relict inclusions, up to 1–2 mm in size in a rastsvetaevite matrix. It is associated with nepheline, sodalite, potassium feldspar, delhayelite, aegirine, shcherbakovite, villiaumite, nitrite, nacaphite, rasvumite, and djerfisherite. Davinciite is dark lavender and transparent, with a vitreous luster and white streak. The new mineral is brittle, with conchoidal fracture; the Mohs’ hardness is 5. No indications of cleavage or parting were observed. The measured density is 2.82(2) g/cm3 (volumetric method); the calculated density is 2.848 g/cm3. Davinciite is optically uniaxial, positive; ω = 1.603(2), ɛ = 1.605(2). It is nonpleochroic and nonfluorescent in UV light. The new mineral slowly breaks down and gelates in 50% HCl and HNO3. It is trigonal, space group R3m. The unit-cell dimensions are a = 14.2956(2), c = 30.0228(5) Å, V=5313.6(2) Å3. The strongest reflections in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are as follows: 2.981(100)(315), 2.860(96)(404), 4.309(66)(205), 3.207(63)(208), 6.415(54)(104), 3.162(43)(217). The chemical composition (electron microprobe, H2O calculated from X-ray diffraction data) is as follows, wt %: 12.69 Na2O, 3.53 K2O, 11.02 CaO, 0.98 SrO, 0.15 BaO, 5.33 FeO, 0.37 MnO, 0.07 Al2O3, 51.20 SiO2, 0.39 TiO2, 11.33 ZrO2, 0.21HfO2, 0.09 Nb2O5, 1.89 Cl, 0.93H2O, -O = Cl2 0.43; total is 99.75. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of Si + Al + Zr + Hf + Ti + Nb = 29 (Z = 3) is (Na1l.75Sr0.29Ba0.03)Σ12.07(K2.28Na0.72)Σ3Ca5.99(Fe2.26Mn0.16)Σ2.42(Zr2.80Ti0.15Hf0.03Nb0.02) Σ3(Si1.96Al0.04)Σ2[Si3O9]2 [Si9O27]2[(OH)1.42O0.58]Σ2[Cl1.62(H2O)0.38]Σ2 · 0.48H2O. The simplified formula is Na12K3Ca6Fe 3 2+ Zr3(Si26O73OH)Cl2. The IR-spectrum is given and the crystal structure is described. The position of davinciite in the crystal chemical taxonomy of the eudialyte group is shown, and its relationships with the other eudialyte-group minerals (acentric eudialyte, andrianovite, and kentbrooksite) are characterized. The type material of davinciite is deposited in the Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.


Nepheline Kola Peninsula Aegirine Conchoidal Fracture Khibiny Pluton 
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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Khomyakov
    • 1
  • G. N. Nechelyustov
    • 2
  • R. K. Rastsvetaeva
    • 3
  • K. A. Rozenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Crystal Chemistry of Rare ElementsMoscowRussia
  2. 2.All-Russia Institute of Mineral ResourcesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of CrystallographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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