Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 52, Issue 8, pp 767–777 | Cite as

Shlykovite KCa[Si4O9(OH)] · 3H2O and cryptophyllite K2Ca[Si4O10] · 5H2O, new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia

  • I. V. PekovEmail author
  • N. V. Zubkova
  • Ya. E. Filinchuk
  • N. V. Chukanov
  • A. E. Zadov
  • D. Yu. Pushcharovsky
  • E. R. Gobechiya
New Minerals, Nomenclature, and Classification


New minerals, shlykovite and cryptophyllite, hydrous Ca and K phyllosilicates, have been identified in hyperalkaline pegmatite at Mount Rasvumchorr, Khibiny alkaline pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. They are the products of low-temperature hydrothermal activity and are associated with aegirine, potassium feldspar, nepheline, lamprophyllite, eudialyte, lomonosovite, lovozerite, tisinalite, shcherbakovite, shafranovskite, ershovite, and megacyclite. Shlykovite occurs as lamellae up to 0.02 × 0.02 × 0.5 mm in size or fibers up to 0.5 mm in length usually combined in aggregates up to 3 mm in size, crusts, and parallel-columnar veinlets. Cryptophyllite occurs as lamellae up to 0.02 × 0.1 × 0.2 mm in size intergrown with shlykovite being oriented parallel to {001} or chaotically arranged. Separate crystals of the new minerals are transparent and colorless; the aggregates are beige, brownish, light cream, and pale yellowish-grayish. The cleavage is parallel to (001) perfect. The Mohs hardness of shlykovite is 2.5–3. The calculated densities of shlykovite and cryptophyllite are 2.444 and 2.185 g/cm3, respectively. Both minerals are biaxial; shlykovite: 2V meas = −60(20)°; cryptophyllite: 2V meas > 70°. The refractive indices are: shlykovite: α = 1.500(3), β = 1.509(2), γ = 1.515(2); cryptophyllite: α = 1.520(2), β = 1.523(2), γ = 1.527(2). The chemical composition of shlykovite determined by an electron microprobe (H2O determined from total deficiency) is as follows, wt %: 0.68 Na2O, 11.03 K2O, 13.70 CaO, 59.86 SiO2, 14.73 H2O; the total is 100.00. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of 13 O atoms (OH/H2O calculated from the charge balance) is (K0.96Na0.09)Σ1.05Ca1.00Si4.07O9.32(OH)0.68 · 3H2O. The idealized formula is KCa[Si4O9(OH)] · 3H2O. The chemical composition of cryptophyllite determined by an electron microprobe (H2O determined from the total deficiency) is as follows, wt %: 1.12 Na2O, 17.73 K2O, 11.59 CaO, 0.08 Al2O3, 50.24 SiO2, 19.24 H2O, the total is 100.00. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of (Si,Al)4(O,OH)10 (OH/H2O calculated from the charge balance) is (K1.80Na0.17)Σ1.97Ca0.99Al0.01Si3.99O9.94(OH)0.06 · 5.07H2O. The idealized formula is K2Ca[Si4O10] · 5H2O. The crystal structures of both minerals were solved on single crystals using synchrotron radiation. Shlykovite is monoclinic; the space group is P21/n; a = 6.4897(4), b = 6.9969(5), c = 26.714(2)Å, β = 94.597(8)°, V = 1209.12(15)Å3, Z = 4. Cryptophyllite is monoclinic; the space group is P21/n; a = 6.4934(14), b = 6.9919(5), c = 32.087(3)Å, β = 94.680(12)°, V= 1451.9(4)Å, Z = 4. The strongest lines of the X-ray powder patterns (d, Å-I, [hkl] are: shlykovite 13.33–100[002], 6.67–76[004], 6.47–55[100], 3.469–45[021], 3.068–57[\( \bar 1 \)21], 3.042–45[121], 2.945–62[ 23], 2.912–90[025, 12, 211]; cryptophyllite 16.01–100[002], 7.98–24[004], 6.24–48[101], 3.228–22[\( \bar 1 \)09], 3.197–27[0.0.10], 2.995–47[122], 2.903–84[123, 204, \( \bar 1 \) 24, 211], 2.623–20[028, 08, 126]. Shlykovite and cryptophyllite are members of new related structural types. Their structures are based on a two-layer packet consisting of tetrahedral Si layers linked with octahedral Ca chains. Mountainite, shlykovite and cryptophyllite could be combined into the mountainite structural family. Shlykovite is named in memory of Russian geologist V. G. Shlykov (1941–2007); the name cryptophyllite is from the Greek words meaning concealed and leaf that allude to its layered structure (phyllosilicate) in combination with a lamellar habit and intimate intergrowths with visually indistinguishable shlykovite. Type specimens of the minerals are deposited at the Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.


Nepheline Kola Peninsula Aegirine Idealize Formula Tetrahedral Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bussen, I.V., Latysheva, L.G., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mer’kov, A.N., Romanova, T.S., and Sakharov, A.S., Mountainite—the First Find in the Soviet Union, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1973, vol. 210, no. 3, pp. 674–677.Google Scholar
  2. Cadoni, M. and Ferraris, G., Two New Members of the Rhodesite Mero-Plesiotype Series Close to Delhayelite and Hydrodelhayelite: Synthesis and Crystal Structure, Eur. J. Mineral., 2009, vol. 21, pp. 485–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chukanov, N.V., Infrared Spectra of Silicates and Aluminosilicates, Zap. Vseross. Mineral. O-va, 1995, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. 80–85.Google Scholar
  4. Dunn, P.J., Rouse, R.C., and Norberg, J.A., Hydroxyapophyllite, a New Mineral, and a Redefinition of the Apophyllite Group. I. Description, Occurrences, and Nomenclature, Am. Mineral., 1978, vol. 63, pp. 196–199.Google Scholar
  5. Gard, J.A., Taylor, H.F.W., and Chalmers, R.A., An Investigation of Two New Minerals: Rhodesite and Mountainite, Mineral. Mag., 1957, vol. 31, pp. 611–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hesse, K.-F., Liebau, F., and Merlino, S., Crystal Structure of Rhodesite, HK1 − xNax + 2yCa2y{1B,3, 22} [Si8O19] · (6 − z)H2O, from Three Localities and Its Relation to Other Silicates with Dreier Double Layers, Zschr. Krist., 1992, vol. 199, pp. 25–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jorda, J.L., Prokic, S., McCusker, L.B., Baerlocher, C., Xue, C.F., and Dong, J., Synthesis and Structure Analysis of the Potassium Calcium Silicate CAS-1. Application of a Texture Approach to Structure Solution Using Data Collected in Transmission Mode, C. R. Chimie, 2005, vol. 8, pp. 331–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mineraly. Spravochnik, T. IV, Vyp. 2. Sloistye silikaty (smektity, khlority, smeshanosloinye). Sloistye silikaty so slozhnymi tetraedricheskimi radikalami (Minerals. Handbook, vol. IV, issue 2. Phyllosilicates (Smectites, Chlorites, Mixed-Layer Minerals). Phyllosilicates with Complex Tetrahedral Radicals) F.V. Chukhrov, Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1992.Google Scholar
  9. Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Purely Alkaline Silicates in Peralkaline Plutons: Relationships between Composition, Structure, Properties, and Genesis, in Materialy XXV Vserossiiskogo seminara: Geokhimiya magmaticheskikh porod (Proceedings of XXV All-Russia Seminar on Geochemistry of Igneous Rocks), St. Petersburg, 2008, pp. 124–126.Google Scholar
  10. Rouse, R.C., Peacor, D.R., and Dunn, P.J., Hydroxyapophyllite, a New Mineral, and a Redefinition of the Apophyllite Group. II. Crystal Structure, Am. Mineral., 1978, vol. 63, pp. 199–202.Google Scholar
  11. Zubkova, N.V., Filinchuk, Ya.E., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., and Gobechiya, E.R., Crystal Structures of Shlykovite and Cryptophyllite. Crystal Chemistry of the Mountainite Family, Eur. J. Miner. (in press).Google Scholar
  12. Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Lisitsin, D.V., Rabadanov, M.Kh., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., New Data on Megacyclite, Novye Dannye o Mineralakh, 2007, no. 2, pp. 81–92.Google Scholar
  13. Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., and Chukanov, N.V., The Crystal Structure and Refined Formula of Mountainite, KNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)]6 · H2O, Zschr. Krist., 2009, vol. 224, no. 8, pp. 389–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Pekov
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. V. Zubkova
    • 1
  • Ya. E. Filinchuk
    • 2
  • N. V. Chukanov
    • 3
  • A. E. Zadov
    • 4
  • D. Yu. Pushcharovsky
    • 1
  • E. R. Gobechiya
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of GeologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Swiss-Norwegian Beam Lines at European Synchrotron Radiation FacilityGrenobleFrance
  3. 3.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow oblastRussia
  4. 4.Teplokhim NPPMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Crystallography LaboratoryUniversity of GenevaGeneva 4Switzerland

Personalised recommendations