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Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry

, Volume 91, Issue 10, pp 1665–1670 | Cite as

Extraction of Rare-Earth Elements in Hydrofluoride Decomposition of Loparite Concentrate

  • G. F. Krysenko
  • D. G. Epov
  • M. A. Medkov
  • P. V. Sitnik
  • V. A. Avramenko
Inorganic Synthesis and Industrial Inorganic Chemistry
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Distribution and existence forms of rare-earth elements in decomposition of the loparite concentrate with ammonium hydrofluoride were studied. It was found that, in the course of the aqueous leaching of the fluorinated concentrate, rare-earth elements fully remain in the insoluble residue as complex salts of general formula NaLnF4. The process of pyrohydrolysis of the insoluble residue was examined. It was shown that varying the process conditions always results in that a NaLnF4-containing product is obtained. It was found that rare-earth elements can be extracted from the insoluble residue and separated from calcium and thorium, and the conditions for this extraction were determined.

Keywords

loparite concentrate rare-earth elements ammonium hydrofluoride fluoroammonium salts pyrohydrolysis leaching 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. F. Krysenko
    • 1
  • D. G. Epov
    • 1
  • M. A. Medkov
    • 1
  • P. V. Sitnik
    • 2
  • V. A. Avramenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry, Far-Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Far-Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia

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