Russian Journal of General Chemistry

, Volume 85, Issue 4, pp 889–893 | Cite as

Quantum chemical study Ca@C60 and Sc+@C60 endo complexes in the gas phase and pyridine

  • S. G. Semenov
  • M. V. MakarovaEmail author


DFT (U)PBE0/cc-pVDZ calculations were carried out to determine the structural parameters of the endo complexes Ca@C60 and Sc+@C60 in the gas phase and in pyridine. The (3 A 1//C 3v )-Ca@C60 and (3 A 1//C 3v )-Sc+@C60 triplets are higher in energy than the (1 A 1//C 2v )-Ca@C60 and (1 A 1//C 2v )-Sc+@C60 singlets by 0.21 and 2.61 kcal/mol in the gas and by 0.30 and 2.67 kcal/mol in pyridine. The dipole moments of the zwitter ions (1 A 1//C 2v )- and (3 A 1//C 3v )-Ca@C60 are 0.86 and 0.99 D (1.44 and 1.77 D in pyridine). The β decay 45Ca → 45Sc+ is accompanied by population of the 3 d orbital of the endo atom and strengthening of its bond with carbon. The 1 A′//C s , 3 A 1//C 2v , and 3 A 1//C 5v electronic states correspond to low (not higher than 0.54 kcal/mol) barrier of calcium migration inside the cavity. The delocalization of the endo atom provides a highly symmetric mixed state of the fluctuating endo complex. The Stone-Wales (1 A 1//C 2v )-(Ca, Sc+)@C60 rearrangement increases the energy of the endo complex by 9.9 (Ca) and 3.1 kcal/mol (Sc+).


fullerene endo complexes Ca@C60 Sc+@C60 β decay solvent effects Stone-Wales rearrangement DFT method 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics InstituteGatchina, Leningrad oblastRussia

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