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Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 665–673 | Cite as

V. A. Troitskaya: the Founder of the Russian School of Geomagnetic Pulsations

  • N. G. Kleimenova
Article
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Abstract

A thorough investigation of short-period oscillations in the Earth’s magnetic field as a fundamental natural process of the magnetospheric plasma began in Russia after V.A. Troitskaya established two oscillatory regimes in the geomagnetic field, namely, the regimes of continuous (Pc) and irregular pulsations (Pi). For studying these pulsations, 19 stations recording the telluric currents were installed during the International Geophysical Year (IGY, 1957–1959) on Troitskaya’s initiative. One of these stations was the Borok station. Subsequently, Borok has become the basic site for investigating geomagnetic pulsations and the main center for studying the short-period pulsations (SPPs) in the Earth’s magnetic field. This is the Borok scientific station where the key fundamental regularities of different types of geomagnetic pulsations were established. Troitskaya led and actively participated these works. Troitskaya organized and conducted the first complex geomagnetic observations in the world at the conjugate points Sogra (Arkhangelsk region, Russia) and Kerguelen (Indian Ocean). These studies were initially tested at the Borok observatory, where it was established that the wave packets of Pc1 geomagnetic pulsations are alternately observed in the northern and southern hemispheres in contrast to the other pulsation types which simultaneously occur in both hemispheres. The studies carried out at Borok promoted the establishment of a new direction in geophysics—diagnostics of the state of the magnetosphere based on the ground observations of geomagnetic pulsations. The analysis of simultaneous observations of the geomagnetic pulsations at polar latitudes of the Arctic and Antarctic was also for the first time conducted at the Borok observatory. This analysis revealed the main characteristics of wave phenomena at the geomagnetic poles and in the vicinity of the projection of the dayside polar cusp. Thus, for the first time in the world, Troitskaya and her Borok colleagues established the key patterns of the oscillatory regimes in the geomagnetic field of the Earth. This laid the basis for the further experimental and theoretical investigations which have shown that SPPs play a leading role in the dynamics of the magnetospheric plasma. In this paper we also list of 60 of Troitskaya’s main publications.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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