Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 403–414 | Cite as

Seismic moment tensor of Pribaikalye earthquakes from the surface-wave amplitude spectra

  • A. I. SeredkinaEmail author
  • V. I. Melnikova


The method of surface-wave amplitude spectra inversion for the seismic moment tensor (SMT) is implemented and tested in the Pribaikalye region. The SMTs are calculated for 39 events with M w = 4.4–6.3, which occurred in the region in 2000–2011. Based on the obtained data, the seismotectionic deformations of the crust are estimated in two seismically active areas-the Northern Pribaikalye and northeastern Baikal rift zone. It is found that on a level of moderate-magnitude events, the region is dominated by the regimes of subhorizontal northwestern extension and strike-slip faulting, which reflects the long-term trends in the stress field of the crust in these parts of the rift.


seismic moment tensor of the earthquake surface waves seismotectonic deformation of the crust 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aki, K., Generation and propagation of G waves from the Niigata earthquake of June 16, 1964. Part 1: A statistical analysis, Bull. Earthquake Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1966, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 23–72.Google Scholar
  2. Aptekman, Zh.Ya. and Tatevosyan, R.E., On the possibility of detecting complex sources of earthquakes from data of the Centroid Moment Tensor Catalog, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 341–353.Google Scholar
  3. Arefiev, S.S., Epitsentral’nye seismologicheskie issledovaniya (Epicentral Seismological Studies), Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003.Google Scholar
  4. Babich, V.M., Chikhachev, B.A., and Yanovskaya, T.B., Surface waves in a vertically heterogeneous elastic halfspace with weak horizontal heterogeneity, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz., 1976, no. 4, pp. 24–31.Google Scholar
  5. Barth, A. and Wenzel, F., New constraints on the intraplate stress field of the Amurian plate deduced from light earthquake focal mechanisms, Tectonophysics, 2010, vol. 482, pp. 160–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bassin, C., Laske, G., and Masters, G., The current limits of resolution for surface wave tomography in North America, EOS Trans., Am. Geophys. Union, 2000, vol. 81, F897.Google Scholar
  7. Bukchin, B.G., On determining the source parameters of an earthquake from the records of surface waves in the medium with ill-defined parameters, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz., 1989, no. 9, pp. 34–41.Google Scholar
  8. Bukchin, B.G., Specific features of surface wave radiation by a shallow source, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 2006, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 712–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bukchin, B., Clevede, E., and Mostinskiy, A., Uncertainty of moment tensor determination from surface wave analysis for shallow earthquakes, J. Seismol., 2010, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 601–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Delouis, B., Deverchere, J., Melnikova, V., Radziminovitch, N., Loncke, L., Laroque, C., Ritz, J.-F., and San’kov, V., A reappraisal of the 1950 (M w 6.9) Mondy earthquake, Siberia, and its relationship to the strain pattern at the southwestern end of the Baikal Rift zone, Terra Nova, 2002, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 491–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Doser, D.I., Faulting within the western Baikal rift as characterized by earthquake studies, Tectonophysics, 1991a, vol. 196, pp. 87–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Doser, D.I., Faulting within the eastern Baikal rift as characterized by earthquake studies, Tectonophysics, 1991b, vol. 196, pp. 109–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dufumier, H. and Cara, M., On the limits of linear moment tensor inversion of surface wave spectra, Pure Appl. Geophys, 1995, vol. 145, no. 2, pp. 235–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dziewonski, A.M. and Anderson, D.L., Preliminary reference Earth model, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 1981, vol. 25, pp. 297–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dziewonski, A.M. and Woodhouse, J.H., An experiment in systematic study of global seismicity: centroid-moment tensor solutions for 201 moderate and large earthquakes of 1981, J. Geophys. Res., 1983, vol. 88, no. B4, pp. 3247–3271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Emmerson, B., Jackson, J., McKenzie, D., and Priestley, K., Seismicity, structure and rheology of the lithosphere in the Lake Baikal region, Geophys. J. Int., 2006, vol. 167, pp. 1233–1272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Geologiya i seismichnost’ zony BAM. Strukturno-veshchestvennye kompleksy i tektonika (Geology and Seismicity of the Region of Baikal-Amur Mainline: Structural-Material Complexes and Tectonics), Zamaraev, S.M., Grabkin, O.V., Mazukabzov, A.M., Lashchenov, V.A., and Mel’nikov, A.I., Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1983.Google Scholar
  18. Geologiya i seismichnost’ zony BAM. Seismichnost’ (Geology and Seismicity of the Region of Baikal-Amur Mainline: Seismicity), Golenetskii, S.I., Kochetkov, V.M., Solonenko, A.V., et al., Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1985.Google Scholar
  19. Hanks, T. and Kanamori, H., A moment magnitude scale, J. Geophys. Res., 1979, vol. 84, no. B5, pp. 2348–2350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Imaev, V.S., Imaeva, L.P., and Koz’min, B.M., Seismotektonika Yakutii (Seismotectonics of Yakutia), Moscow: Geos, 2000.Google Scholar
  21. Imaeva, L.P., Mel’nikova, V.I., Imaev, V.S., Koz’min, B.M., Mel’nikov, A.I., and Grib, N.N., Evolyutsiya seismotektonicheskikh protsessov severo-vostochnogo flanga Baikal’skoi riftovoi zony (Evolution of Seismotectonical Processes in the Northeastern Margin of the Baikel Rift Zone), Irkutsk: IZK SO RAN, 2012.Google Scholar
  22. Karta neotektoniki regiona Baikalo-Amurskoi magistrali. M-b 1: 3000 000 (The 1: 3000000 Neotectonical Map of the Baikal-Amur Mainline Region), Logachev, N.A, Ed., Irkutsk: IZK SO AN SSSR, 1983.Google Scholar
  23. Khromovskikh, V.S., Solonenko, V.P., Chipizubov, A.V., and Zhilkin, V.M., Seismotectonic characteristic of northern Cisbaikalia revisited, in Seismichnost’ i glubinnoe stroenie Pribaikal’ya (Seismicity and Deep Structure of Cisbaikalia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, SO RAN, 1978.Google Scholar
  24. Kostrov, B.V., Mekhanika ochaga tektonicheskogo zemletryaseniya (The Mechanics of the Source for Tectonic Earthquakes), Moscow: Nauka, 1975.Google Scholar
  25. Lasserre, C., Bukchin, B., Bernard, P., Tapponier, P., Gaudemer, Y., Mostinsky, A., and Dailu, R., Source parameters and tectonic origin of the 1996 June 1 Tianzhu (M w = 5.2) and 1995 July 21 Yongen (M w = 5.6) earthquakes near the Haiyuan fault (Gansu, China), Geophys. J. Int., 2001, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 206–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Levshin, A., Effects of lateral inhomogenity on surface wave amplitude measurements, Ann. Geophys., 1985, vol. 3, pp. 511–518.Google Scholar
  27. Levshin, A.L., Yanovskaya, T.B., Lander, A.V., Bukchin, B.G., Barmin, M.P., Ratnikova, L.I., and Its, E.N., Poverkhnostnye seismicheskie volny v gorizontal’no-neodnorodnoi Zemle (Surface Seismic Waves in Horizontally Heterogeneous Earth), Moscow: Nauka, 1986.Google Scholar
  28. Melnikova, V.I., Radziminovich, N.A., Gileva, N.A., Chipizubov, A.V., and Dobrynina, A.A., Activation of rifting processes in the Northern Cis-Baikal Region: A case study of the Kichera earthquake sequence of 1999, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 905–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Melnikova, V.I., Radziminovich, N.A., Imaev, V.S., and Koz’min, B.M., Seismotectonic deformations of the Stanovoi sector of the Baikal rift zone according to seismological data, Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 30-letiyu g. Neryungri, 24–27 okt. 2005 (Proc. All-Russian Scientific and Research Conference on the 30th Anniversary of Neryungry, October 24–27, 2005), Neryungri, 2005, pp. 13–18.Google Scholar
  30. Mendiguren, J.A., Inversion of surface wave data in source mechanism studies, J. Geophys. Res, 1977, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 889–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nataf, H.-C. and Ricard, Y., 3SMAC: On a priori tomographic model of the upper mantle based on geophysical modeling, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 1996, vol. 95, pp. 101–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ovsyuchenko, A.N., Trofimenko, S.V., Marakhanov, A.V., et al., Seismotectonics of the transitional region from the Baikal Rift Zone to orogenic rise of the Stanovoi Range, Geotektonics, 2010, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 25–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Radziminovich, Ya.B., Mel’nikova, V.I., Seredkina, A.I., Gileva, N.A., Radziminovich, N.A., and Papkova, A.A., The Balei earthquake of 6 January 2006 (M w = 4.5): A rare case of seismic activity in eastern Transbaikalia, Rus. Geol. Geophys., 2012, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 1100–1110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rebetsky, Yu.L., Tektonicheskie napryazheniya i prochnost’ prirodnykh massivov (Tectonic Stresses and the Strength of Rock Massifs), Moscow: Akademkniga, 2007.Google Scholar
  35. Riznichenko, Yu.V., Problemy seismologii (Problems of Seismology), Moscow: Nauka, 1985.Google Scholar
  36. Sherman, S.I. and Dneprovskii, Yu.I., Polya napryazhenii zemnoi kory i geologo-strukturnye metody ikh izucheniya (Stress Fields in the Earth’s Crust and Geological-Structural Methods for Their Study), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  37. Smekalin, O.P., Chipizubov, A.V., and Imaev, V.S., Paleoearthquakes in the Baikal region: Methods and results of timing, Geotektonics, 2010, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 158–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sycheva, N.A., Bogomolov, L.M., and Yunga, S.L., Geoinformatics in the statistical approach to the calculation of seismotectonic deformations, Geoinformatika, 2009, no. 1, pp. 33–43.Google Scholar
  39. Woodhouse, J.H., Surface waves in the laterally varying structure, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc, 1974, vol. 90, no. 12, pp. 713–728.Google Scholar
  40. Yunga, S.L., On the deformation mechanism of seismically active domain of the Earth’s crust, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Fiz. Zemli, 1979, no. 10, pp. 4–23.Google Scholar
  41. Yunga, S.L., Metody i rezul’taty issledovaniya seismotektonicheskikh deformatsii (Methods and Results of Studying the Seismotectonic Deformations), Moscow: Nauka, 1990.Google Scholar
  42. Yunga, S.L., Seismotectonic deformation of the Northern Eurasian fold belts in the neotectonic phase, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 1996, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 37–58.Google Scholar
  43. Yunga, S.L., Classification of seismic moment tensors on the basis of their isometric mapping on a sphere, Dokl. Earth Sci., 1997, vol. 352, no. 1, pp. 108–110.Google Scholar
  44. Yunga, S.L., Comparative analysis of seismotectonic deformations in the geodynamically active regions, in Geofizika na rubezhe vekov (Geophysics at the Turn of the Century), Moscow: OIFZ RAN, 1999, pp. 253–264.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations