Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 105–112 | Cite as

Archaeomagnetic study and rehydroxylation dating of fired-clay ceramics

Article

Abstract

Archaeomagnetic study and rehydroxylation dating of fired-clay ceramics from Great Britain, Spain, and the Black Sea region is carried out in order to refine the dating of the material from the archaeological monuments used in the archaeomagnetic research for determination of the elements of the main magnetic field during the past few millennia. The archaeomagnetic analysis revealed the factors responsible for deviations of the rehydroxylation dating from the true values. They include the processes of weathering (magnetite transformation into hydroxides) and secondary magnetization (e.g., magnetization in a fire). In order to bring the dating closer to the true values, corrections for the influence of the distorting factors are suggested. The data on the geomagnetic field intensity derived from the magnetization of the studied material are used as independent criteria to validate the dating of the field.

When applied to the fired clay material with reliable dating, the rehydroxylation method provides the estimates of the temperature in the region of archaeological monuments during the past.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barraclough, D.R., Carrigan, J.G., and Malin, S.R.C, Observed Geomagnetic Field Intensity in London Since 1820, Geophys. J. Int., 2000, vol. 141, pp. 83–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burakov, K.S., Determination of Ancient Geomagnetic Field from Magnetically Anisotropic Samples, Izv. AN SSSR, Fiz. Zemli, 1981, no. 11, pp. 116–120.Google Scholar
  3. Burakov, K.S. and Nachasova, I.E., Correction for Chemical Variations during Heating at Determination of Intensity of Ancient Geomagnetic Field, Izv. AN SSSR. Fiz. Zemli, 1985, no. 10, pp. 93–96.Google Scholar
  4. Burakov, K.S., Nachasova, I.E., and Petrova, G.N., The Geomagnetic Field Intensity in the Baikal Region during the Last Millennia, Geomagn. Aeron., 2000, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 219–224.Google Scholar
  5. Burakov, K.S., Nachasova, I.E., Na-jeira, T., Molina, F., and Camara, J.A., Geomagnetic Intensity in Spain in the Second Millennium BC, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2005, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 622–633.Google Scholar
  6. Burakov, K.S., Nachasova, I.E., and Mata, K., Geomagnetic Field Intensity in the First Millennium BC from Data on Ceramics of the Los Villares Archaeological Monument (Spain), Izv. Phys. Earth, 2006, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 942–950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Casas, Ll., Shaw, J., Gich, M., and Share, J.A., High-Quality Microwave Archaeointensity Determinations from an Early 18th Century AD English Brick Kiln, Geophys. J. Int., 2005, vol. 161, pp. 653–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nachasova, I.E and Burakov, K.S., The Variations in the Geomagnetic Field in Central Asia during Two Last Millennia. The Analysis of the World Data, Geomagn. Aeron., 1995, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 150–157.Google Scholar
  9. Nachasova, I.E., Characterization of Variations in the Intensity of Geomagnetic Field from Archaeomagnetic Data, Doctoral (Phys.-Math.) Dissertation, Moscow: Schmidt Inst. Phys. Earth, Rus. Acad. Sci., 1998.Google Scholar
  10. Nachasova, I.E., Burakov, K.S., and Bernabey, J., Geomagnetic Field Intensity Variation in Spain, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2002, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 371–376.Google Scholar
  11. Nachasova, I.E., Burakov, K.S., Molina, F., and Camara, J.A., Archeomagnetic Study of Ceramics from the Neolithic Los Castillejos Multilayer Monument (Montefrio, Spain), Izv. Phys. Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 170–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nachasova, I.E., Burakov, K.S., and Il’ina, T. A., Geomagnetic Field Intensity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region in the Second Half of the 1st Millennium BC and the Beginning of Our Era, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 1024–1030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nachasova, I.E., Burakov, K.S., and Lorrio, A.J., Archaeomagnetic Study of Ceramics from the El Molon Archaeological Monument (Spain), Izv. Phys. Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 830–835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nachasova, I.E. and Burakov, K.S., Archaeomagnetic Studies of Materials from the Gorelyi Les and Ust-Khaita Monuments (Eastern Siberia) Izv. Phys. Earth, 2008, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 249–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nachasova, I.E., Burakov, K.S., and Il’ina, T. A., Variations in the Geomagnetic Field Strength in the 5th-3rd Centuries BC in the Eastern Mediterranean (according to Narrowly Dated Ceramics), Geomagn. Aeron., 2008, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 408–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nachasova, I.E. and Burakov, K.S., Determination of the Ancient Geomagnetic Field Elements from Thermal Remanent Magnetization Corrected for Magnetic Anisotropy, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2009a, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 41–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nachasova, I.E. and Burakov, K.S., Variation of the intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field in Portugal in the 1st Millennium B.C., Izv. Phys. Earth, 2009b, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 595–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nachasova, I.E. and Burakov, K.S., Archeomagnetic Studies of Ceramics from the Archeological Monument in Ubeda, Spain, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2011, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 1086–1093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Thellier, E. and Thellier, O., Geomagnetic Intensity in the Historical and Geological Past, Izv. AN SSSR, Ser. Geofiz., 1959, no. 9, pp. 1296–1331.Google Scholar
  20. Tosheva, L., Mikhailova, B., Wilson, M.A., and Carter, M.A., Gravimetric and Spectroscopic Studies of the Chemical Combination of Moisture by As-Fired and Reheated Terracotta, J. Eur. Ceramic Soc., 2010, vol. 30, pp. 1867–1872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wilson, M.A., Carter, M.A., Hall, C., Hoff, W.D., Ince, C., Savage, S.D., McKay, B., and Betts, I.M., Dating Fired-Clay Ceramics Using Long-Term Power Law Rehydroxylation Kinetics, Proc. R. Soc. A., 2009, pp. 1–9. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2009.0117Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations