Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth

, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp 486–495 | Cite as

The phenomenon of synchronism in the magnetosphere-technosphere-lithosphere dynamical system

  • A. V. GuglielmiEmail author
  • O. D. Zotov


Synchronism in geophysical events became the focus of the research in the second half of the last century when the study of this subject was almost simultaneously launched in the former Soviet Union and the United States. Interest in this issue has recently risen after a 20-year hiatus. The impetus was provided by the successful application of the synchronous detection technique to analyzing vast volumes of digital data on the electromagnetic waves in the magnetosphere and on the earthquakes. These studies revealed signs of the strictly periodic synchronous influence of the technosphere on the regime of electromagnetic oscillations in cosmic plasma and on seismic activity. The phenomenon of synchronism between the electromagnetic and seismic events manifests itself in the form of the so-called hour-mark effect and the weekend effect. The hourmark effect shows itself in the 24th, 48th, and 96th harmonics, and the weekend effect, in the 7th subharmonic of the circadian rhythm. The both effects indicate that the technosphere has a nontrivial impact on the magnetosphere and lithosphere. The present review aims to introduce the morphology of the phenomenon and to focus the attention of researchers on the physical interpretation of the effects of synchronism, which is a challenging problem. Both the fundamental and practical value of the problem is analyzed. In particular, it is hypothesized that the study of the anthropogenic modulation of the natural wave processes will promote the development of energy saving technologies.


electromagnetic waves earthquakes industrial activity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Afraimovich, E.L., First GPS-TEC Evidence for the Wave Structure Excited by the Solar Terminator, Earth, Planets Space, 2008, vol. 60, p. 895–900.Google Scholar
  2. Chernigovskaya, M.A., Sharkov, E.A., Kurkin, V.I., Orlov, I.I., and Pokrovskaya, I.V., Study of Temporal Variations in the Ionospheric Parameters in the Siberia and Far East, Issled. Zemli Kosmosa, 2008, no. 6, pp. 17–24.Google Scholar
  3. Dolas, P.M. and Kumar K.K., Retrieval of Static Stability Parameter from the Radiosonde/Rawinsonde Ascent Rate Profiles: A Wavelet Approach, Ann. Geophys., 2009, vol. 27, pp. 547–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dovbnya, B.V., Zotov, O.D., and Schepetnov, R.V., ULF Geoelectromagnetic Waves Response to Earthquakes and Human Impacts, Geofiz. Issled., 2008, no. 9, no. 4, p. 69.Google Scholar
  5. Fraser-Smith, A.C., Weekend Increase in Geomagnetic Activity, J. Geophys. Res., 1979, vol. 84, no. A5, pp. 2089–2096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fraser-Smith, A.C., Effect of Man on the Geomagnetic Activity and Pulsations, Adv. Space Res., 1981, vol. 1, pp. 455–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gal’per A.M., Kirillov-Ugryumov V.G., Lelkov N.G., and Luchkov B.I., Interpretation of the Quasi-Periodic Intensity Variations of the Hard Atmospheric Gamma Radiation, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., 1980, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 693–696.Google Scholar
  8. Guglielmi, A.V. and Troitskaya, V.A., Geomagnitnye pul’satsii i diagnostika magnitosfery (Geomagnetic Pulsations and Diagnostics of the Magnetosphere), Moscow: Nauka, 1973.Google Scholar
  9. Guglielmi, A.V., Dovbnya, B.V., Klain, B.I., and Parkhomov, V.A., Emission of the Alfven Waves Stimulated by Pulsed Radio Frequency Radiation, Geomagn. Aeron., 1978, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 179–181.Google Scholar
  10. Guglielmi, A.V., MGD volny v okolozemnoi plazme (MHD Waves in the Near-Earth Plasma), Moscow: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. Guglielmi, A.V. and Zotov, O.D., On the Geomagnetic Effect of the World Days, Geomagn. Aeron., 1986, vol. 26, no. 5.Google Scholar
  12. Guglielmi, A.V., Ultra-Low Frequency Electromagnetic Waves in the Earth’s Crust and Magnetosphere, Phys. Uspekhi, 2007, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 1197–1216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guglielmi, A. and Zotov, O., The Human Impact on the Pc1 Wave Activity, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 2007, vol. 69, p. 1753–1758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guglielmi, A. and Zotov, O., Long-Term Trend in Pc1 Weekend Effect According to Geomagnetic Data Collected by the Borok Geophysical Observatory, EGU General Assembly, Vienna, 2008, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vienna: 2008, vol. 10, EGU2008-A-04807.Google Scholar
  15. Guglielmi, A.V. and Zotov, O.D., 15-Minutes Modulation of the Pc1 Geoelectromagnetic Waves, Geofiz. Issled., 2010a, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 64–71.Google Scholar
  16. Guglielmi, A.V. and Zotov, O.D., Correlation between Pc1 Electromagnetic Activity and Earthquakes, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2010b, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 486–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Guglielmi, A.V., Dovbnya, B.V., Potapov, A.S., and Hayakawa, M., The Effect of Hour Marks in the Activity of the Electromagnetic Pc1 Pulsations as an Evidence of Anthropogenic Influence on the Ionosphere and Magnetosphere, Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika, 2011, no. 19, pp. 11–14.Google Scholar
  18. Kaiser, M.L., Desch, M.D., Farrell, W.M., Hess, R.A., and Stone, R.G., Quasiperiodic Jovian Radio Bursts: Observations from the Ulysses Radio and Plasma Wave Experiment, Planet. Space Sci., 1993, vol. 41, nos 11–12, pp. 1059–1072.Google Scholar
  19. Kapitza, S.P., On the Theory of Global Population Growth, Phys. Uspekhi, 2010, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 1287–1296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Karinen, A., Mursula, K., Ulich, Th., and Manninen, J., Does the Magnetosphere Behave Differently on Weekends?, Ann. Geophys., 2002, vol. 20, pp. 1137–1142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lanzerotti, L.J., Geomagnetic Influences on Man-Made Systems, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1979, vol. 41, pp. 787–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. MacDowall R.J., Kaiser M.L., Desch M.D., Farrell W.M., Hess R.A., and Stone R.G. Quasiperiodic Jovian Radio Bursts: Observations from the Ulysses Radio and Plasma Wave Experiment, Planet. Space Sci., 1993, vol. 41, no. 11–12, pp. 1059–1072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Matveeva, E.T., Catalogue of the Pc1-like Geomagnetic Pulsations (Pearls) according to the Data Recorded at the Borok Geophysical Observatory OIFZ RAN for 1957–1992, Moscow: OIFZ RAN, 1996. Google Scholar
  24. Menk, F.M., Stimulation of Pc1 Pulsations by HF Radio Transmissions, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1985, vol. 47, pp. 713–718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Němec F., SantolÍk O., Parrot M., and Berthelier J.J., Power Line Harmonic Radiation (PLHR) Observed by the DEMETER Spacecraft, J. Geophys. Res., 2006, vol. 111, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  26. Park, C.G., Helliwell, R.A., and Lefeuvre, F., Ground Observations of Power Line Radiation Coupled to the Ionosphere and Magnetosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 1983, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 131–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Parrot, M. and Zaslavski, Y., Physical Mechanisms of Man-Made Influences on the Magnetosphere, Surv. Geophys., 1996, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 67–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rodger, C.J., Clilverd, M.A., Yearby, K.H., and Smith, A.J., Is Magnetospheric Line Radiation Man-Made?, J. Geophys. Res., 2000, vol. 105, no. A7, pp. 15981–15990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Saito, T. and Yumoto, K., A 15-min Period Geomagnetic Pulsation Ps6 Excited by an Instability of Auroral Electrojets, In Relation between Laboratory and Space Plasmas, Proc. of the International Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, 1980, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1981, pp. 187–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Samadani, R., Fraser-Smith, A.C., and Villard, O.G., Jr., Possible Change in Natural Pc1 Pulsation Activity Caused by BART, J. Geophys. Res., 1981, vol. 86, no. A11, pp. 9211–9214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sidorin, A.Ya., 15-minute Periodicity of Earthquakes in Greece, Seism. Instr., 2010, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 237–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zotov, O.D. and Kalisher, A.L., Statistical Analysis of the Effects of Anthropogenic Forcing of the Ionosphere, in Vliyanie moshchnogo radioizlucheniya na ionosferu (Modification of the Ionosphere by High-Power Radio Waves), Pertsovskii, R.A., Ed., Apatity: Kol’skii filial AN SSSR, 1979, pp. 150–153.Google Scholar
  33. Zotov, O.D., Weekend Effect in Seismic Activity, Izv. Phys. Earth, 2007, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 1005–1011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zotov, O.D., The Anthropogenic Factor in the Variations of Magnetic Field, Proc. 8th International Conference “Problems of Geocosmos”, Petrodvorets, 2010, St. Petersburg: Petrodvorets, 2010, pp. 289–293.Google Scholar
  35. Zotov, O.D. and Guglielmi, A.V., The Problems of Synchronism in Electromagnetic and Seismic Events in the Dynamical System “Magnetosphere-Technosphere-Lithosphere,” Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika, 2010a, no. 16, pp. 19–25.Google Scholar
  36. Zotov, O.D. and Guglielmi, A.V., Diversity of Geophysical Manifestations of the Ponderomotive Forces, Proc. 8th International Conference “Problems of Geocosmos”, Petrodvorets, 2010, St. Petersburg: Petrodvorets, 2010b, pp. 294–299.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Borok Geophysical Observatory, Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Yaroslavl oblastRussia

Personalised recommendations