Upper mantle structure beneath central Western Europe from data on phase velocities of surface waves
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The deep structure of the upper mantle is determined from data on phase velocities of Love and Rayleigh waves measured by a differential method on traces between two stations in central Western Europe. One-dimensional velocity structures are first constructed from data of each pair of stations, after which two-dimensional distributions of SH and SV velocities are calculated by the method of two-dimensional tomography from S wave velocities at fixed depths. The results are presented in the form of 2-D vertical structures of the average S wave velocity (S = (SV + SH)/2) constructed along profiles crossing the region in directions of the best resolution. The main structural features are a higher velocity zone at depths of 60–80 km in the area (48°–50°N, 9°–11°E) and a lower velocity zone in the western part of the region at depths of 100–150 km, probably extending farther beyond the studied area.
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