Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 223–229

Synthesis and biological activity of aryl S-β-glycosides of 1-thio-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine

  • A. E. Zemlyakov
  • V. N. Tsikalova
  • L. R. Azizova
  • V. Ya. Chirva
  • E. L. Mulik
  • M. V. Shkalev
  • O. V. Kalyuzhin
  • M. V. Kiselevsky
Article

Abstract

Phenyl, p-tolyl, and p-tert-butylphenyl β-1-thio-N-acetylglucosaminides were synthesized by the treatment of thiophenols with peracetate of α-D-glucosaminyl chloride in the presence of triethylamine or under the conditions of phase-transfer catalysis with quaternary ammonium salts. The compounds synthesized were used for obtaining of glycosides of 4,6-O-isopropylidene-N-acetylmuramic acid, which were coupled with L-Ala-D-Glu(NH2)-OBzl and then deprotected to obtain the target aryl β-thioglycosides of N-acetylmuramyl-L-analyl-D-isoglutamine (MDP). The aryl β-thioglycosides of MDP were found to stimulate an antibacterial resistance toward Staphylococcus aureus in mice. The reliable induction of the spontaneous activity of natural killers in the population of blood mononuclear cells was observed only for phenyl β-thio-MDP at a dose of 200 µg/ml.

Key words

glycopeptides antibacterial resistance aryl thioglycosides cytotoxicity glycosides muramyl dipeptide 

Abbreviations

MDP

N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine (muramyl dipeptide)

MNC

mononuclear blood cells

NK

natural killers

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. Zemlyakov
    • 1
  • V. N. Tsikalova
    • 1
  • L. R. Azizova
    • 1
  • V. Ya. Chirva
    • 1
  • E. L. Mulik
    • 2
  • M. V. Shkalev
    • 2
  • O. V. Kalyuzhin
    • 2
  • M. V. Kiselevsky
    • 3
  1. 1.Vernadsky Tauric National UniversitySimferopolUkraine
  2. 2.Human Morphology Research InstituteRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Research Institute of Experimental Diagnostic and Cancer Therapy, Blokhin Cancer Research CenterRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscowRussia

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