Inhibition of alkaline phosphatase by thioureido derivatives of methylenebisphosphonic acid
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A series of thioureido derivatives of methylenebisphosphonic acid were synthesized by the reaction of aminomethylenebisphosphonic acid with the corresponding isothiocyanates, and their effect on the activity of alkaline phosphatases from bovine small intestine mucosa (BSIM) and human placenta was studied. It was found that (3-phenylthioureido)methylenebisphosphonate is approximately one order of magnitude more effective in inhibiting the activity of alkaline phosphatase from BSIM than the alkyl derivatives of thioureidomethylenebisphosphonic acid with methyl, ethyl, tert-butyl, or cyclohexyl substituents. The introduction of substituents into the benzene ring of (3-phenylthioureido)methylenebisphosphonate decreased the effect of the inhibitor on the activity of the enzyme. The affinity of (3-phenylureido)methylenebisphosphonate to the alkaline phosphatase of BSIM was also weaker as compared with the corresponding thioureidomethylenebisphosphonate. The insertion of thioureidobisphosphonates into the active site of alkaline phosphatase of human placenta by the method of molecular docking indicated that the methylenebisphosphonate residue and the substituted amino groups of the inhibitor are involved in the mechanisms of complex formation with the enzyme. It is supposed that the improvement of the inhibitory activity of (3-phenylthioureido)methylenebisphosphonate toward alkaline phosphatase of BSIM is due to the additional fixation of the phenyl substituent in the active site of the enzyme.
Key wordsalkaline phosphatase inhibition molecular docking thioureidomethylenebisphosphonates
bovine small intestine mucosa
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