Variation in Morphophysiological Traits of Male and Female Aporia crataegi L. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Depending on the Timing of Adult Emergence
- 22 Downloads
The correlation between the timing of adult emergence and variation in morphophysiological parameters of males and females has been analyzed in the black-veined white Aporia crataegi L. In 2013 to 2015, black-veined white butterflies were collected from a natural population in the south of Sverdlovsk oblast throughout the emergence period; at the same time, adult insects were reared from pupae in individual cages. Comparison of the field observations in nature and the results of rearing preimaginal stages has shown that the largest adults are the first to emerge, while the smallest are the last to emerge. This pattern holds true both for the parameters varying throughout the adult insect life (body weight and relative abdomen weight) and for the permanent characteristic of the “structural” size (wing area). The influence of protandry and food availability to caterpillars on the variation in the size of adult A. crataegi during the period of generation emergence is discussed.
Keywordsvariation protandry growth duration body weight wing size Aporia crataegi
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Stearns, S.C., The Evolution of Life Histories, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.Google Scholar
- 2.Roff, D.A., Life History Evolution, Sunderland: Sinauer Assoc., 2002.Google Scholar
- 17.Andreeva, E.M., Zherdeva, P.D., Zakharova, E.Yu., and Shkurikhin, A.O., Protandry and variation of some characters in gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.) depending on the time of adult emergence in the course of laboratory experiment, Izv. S.-Peterb. Lesotekh. Akad., St. Petersburg: SPbGLTU, 2012, no. 200, pp. 4–15.Google Scholar
- 18.Zakharova, E.Yu., Protandry and body size variation in the satyrs (Lepidoptera: Satyridae), Evraz. Entomol. Zh., 2004, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 59–65.Google Scholar
- 20.Krasnyuk, P.I., The black-veined white (Aporia crataegi L.), Tr. Mleev. Sadovo-Ogorod. Opyt. Stantsii: Entomol. Otdel, Mleev, 1928, no. 12.Google Scholar
- 21.Ammosov, Yu.N., The black-veined white (Aporia crataegi L.) in Central Yakutia, in Vrednye nasekomye lesov Sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka (Insect Pests in Forests of the Soviet Far East), Vladivostok: Dal’izdat, 1966, pp. 169–172.Google Scholar
- 22.Tatarinov, A.G. and Dolgin, M.M., Vidovoe raznoobrazie bulavousykh cheshuekrylykh na Evropeiskom Severo-Vostoke Rossii (Species Diversity of Rhopalocera Lepidopterans in the Northeast of European Russia), St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2001.Google Scholar
- 24.Rohlf, F.J., TpsDig, Digitize Landmarks and Outlines, Version 2.10, Stony Brook, NY: Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, 2006Google Scholar
- 25.Rohlf, F.J., TpsUtil, File Utility Program, Version 1.40, Stony Brook, NY: Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, 2008.Google Scholar
- 26.Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.A.T., and Ryan, P.D., PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis, Palaeontol. Electron., 2001, vol. 4, no. 1.Google Scholar