Dynamics of Trophic Activity of Leaf-Eating Insects on Birch during Reduction of Emissions from the Middle Ural Copper Smelter
- 4 Downloads
The trophic activity of birch leaf-eating insects in background and impact (highly polluted) sites near the Middle Ural Copper Smelter has been recorded in 2008–2015. Reduction of emissions leads to a significant decrease in the concentration of heavy metals in birch leaves, and the existing differences in the proportion of damaged leaves between the background and impact sites are leveling off. An increasing temporal trend in foliar damage at the impact site confirms that the trophic activity of leaf-eating insects is being recovered following reduction of toxic load, and the remaining differences from the background territory indicate that this process is still continuing.
Keywordsfoliar damage phytophages invertebrates insects Betula industrial pollution heavy metals recovery sustainability monitoring
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 12.Bogacheva, I.A., Vzaimootnosheniya nasekomykhfitofagov i rastenii v ekosistemakh Subarktiki (Relationships of Phytophagous Insects and Plants in Subarctic Ecosystems), Sverdlovsk: Ural. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1990.Google Scholar
- 13.Vorobeichik, E.L., “Dirty ecology” in the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, in Ural’skaya ekologicheskaya shkola: vekhi stanovleniya i razvitiya (The Ural Ecological School: Milestones in Establishment and Development), Yekaterinburg, 2005, pp. 175–217.Google Scholar
- 14.Vorobeichik, E.L., Sadykov, O.F., and Farafontov, M.G., Ekologicheskoe normirovanie tekhnogennykh zagryaznenii nazemnykh ekosistem (Ecological Standardization of Terrestrial Ecosystems Technogenic Pollution), Yekaterinburg: Nauka, 1994.Google Scholar
- 15.Baranchikov, Yu.N., Ecological nonuniformity of shoots in woody plants and the level of their utilization by phyllophagous insects, in Rol’ vzaimootnoshenii rastenie–nasekomoe v dinamike chislennosti lesnykh vreditelei: Mat-ly mezhdunar. simp. IYuFRO/MAB (The Role of Plant–Insect Interactions in Population Dynamics of Forest Pests: Proc. Int. IUFRO/MAB Symp.), Krasnoyarsk: Inst. Lesa i Drevesiny Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1983, pp. 49–72.Google Scholar
- 18.Lyanguzova, I.V. and Chertov, O.G., Chemical composition of plants under conditions of atmospheric and soil pollution, in Lesnye ekosistemy i atmosfernoe zagryaznenie (Forest Ecosystems and Atmospheric Pollution), Leningrad, 1990, pp. 75–86.Google Scholar