Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 10–20 | Cite as

Buffer boreal forests as an evolutionary phenomenon in the Pacific ecotone of Northern Eurasia

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Abstract

The results of landscape-ecological surveys in the Komsomolsk Nature Reserve (the Lower Amur region) have been used as a basis for empirical–statistical modeling of the spatial organization of floristic phratries and forest types that characterize the Amur sub-Pacific as part of the continental marginal part of the megaecotone. Trends in the evolutionary forest-forming processes are described. Mechanisms have been revealed for the origin of buffer forest communities, including spruce–broadleaf and nemoral fir–spruce forests of the Manchurian–Okhotian phratry. Forests of this phenomenal buffer flora are distinguished by extremely high parameters of structural and functional development and have reached the state approaching the evolutionary climax. The previously advanced concepts of the Pacific ecotone of Northern Eurasia as a focus of evolutionary processes in the continental biosphere have been confirmed.

Keywords

boreal ecotone buffer forest communities floristic phratries forest types phytomass productivity empirical–statistical modeling 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Ecology of the Volga BasinRussian Academy of SciencesTolyattiRussia

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