Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 83–89 | Cite as

Soil microbiocenosis as an indicator of stability of meadow communities in the environment polluted with heavy metals

  • I. B. Ivshina
  • L. V. Kostina
  • T. N. Kamenskikh
  • V. A. Zhuikova
  • T. V. Zhuikova
  • V. S. Bezel’
Article

Abstract

The soil microbiota, a key component of natural ecosystems, is considered as a factor determining the stability of meadow communities. The diversity and abundance of the main ecologically significant groups of microorganisms in meadow soils have been studied along a gradient of long-term soil pollution with heavy metals in the Middle Urals. The results provide evidence for stability of the microbial assemblage formed in these soils. It has been found that the functional activity of certain physiological groups of microorganisms (nitrogen-fixing, denitrifying, and cellulolytic bacteria) and the respiratory activity of microbial communities are stimulated under conditions of heavy-metal soil pollution. Probable effects of the observed changes on mineralization of plant remains in meadow communities are discussed.

Keywords

soil microbial communities succession coefficient coefficient of oligotrophy respiratory activity mineralization of plant remains heavy metals industrial pollution 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. B. Ivshina
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. V. Kostina
    • 1
  • T. N. Kamenskikh
    • 1
  • V. A. Zhuikova
    • 3
  • T. V. Zhuikova
    • 3
  • V. S. Bezel’
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Microorganisms, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPermRussia
  2. 2.Perm National Research UniversityPermRussia
  3. 3.Nizhny Tagil State Social Pedagogical AcademyNizhny TagilRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

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