Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 70–75 | Cite as

Habitat preference and population estimates of Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in district Chakwal of Potohar Plateau, Pakistan

  • Tariq MahmoodEmail author
  • Nausheen Irshad
  • Riaz Hussain


Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) is a fossorial, “Near threatened” mammalian species occurring in Pakistan and facing a risk of endangerment in its wild habitat. Being nocturnal, ecological data of the species is lacking in the country and in south Asia as well. The current study investigated some ecological parameters of the species like, distribution, habitat analysis, population and food habits in district Chakwal of Potohar Plateau. Illegal trapping and killing by professional nomads for its scales is the main threat to the species in the study area.


Chakwal diet habitat Indian pangolin Pakistan population 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Atkins, W.A., Pholidota pangolins (Manidae), in Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, vol. 16. Grzimek, B., Kleiman, D.G., Geist, V., and McDade, M.C., Eds., Detroit: Thomson-Gale, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Begon, M., Investigating Animal Abundance, London: Edward Arnold, 1979.Google Scholar
  3. Cottam, G. and Curtis, J.T., The use of distance measures in phytosociological sampling, Ecology, 1956, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 451–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Emlen, J.T., A method for describing and comparing avian habitats, Ibis, 1956, vol. 98, no. 4, pp. 565–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emry, R.J., A North American Oligocene pangolin and other additions to Pholidota, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1970, vol. 142, pp. 459–510.Google Scholar
  6. Hutton, A.F., Notes on the Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata), J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 1949, vol. 48, pp. 805–806.Google Scholar
  7. Nowak, R.M., Walker’s Mammals of the World, 6th ed., Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1999, pp. 642–643.Google Scholar
  8. Qureshi, R., Waheed, A., Arshad, M., and Umbreen, T., Medico-ethno-botanical inventory of tehsil Chakwal, Pakistan, Pakistan J. Bot., 2009, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 529–538.Google Scholar
  9. Richer, R.A., Coulson, I.M., and Heath, M.E., Foraging behaviour and ecology of the Cape pangolin (Manis temminckii) in north-western Zimbabwe, Afr. J. Ecol., 1997, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 361–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Roberts, T.J., Mammals of Pakistan, Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  11. Southwood, T.R.E., Ecological Methods, with Particular Reference to the Study of Insect Populations, London: Methuen, 1966.Google Scholar
  12. Swart, J.M., Richardson, P.R.K., and Ferguson, J.W.H., Ecological factors affecting the feeding behaviour of pangolins (Manis temminckii), J. Zool. (London), 1999, vol. 247, no. 3, pp. 281–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wu, S.B, Liu, N.F, Ma, G.Z, Xu, Z.R., and Chen, H., Studies on habitat selection by Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in winter in Dawuling Natural Reserve, Acta Ecol. Sinica, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1079–1086.Google Scholar
  14. Zoological Survey of India, ENVIS Newsl., 2002, vol. 9, pp. 1–2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Wildlife ManagementPMAS—Arid Agriculture UniversityRawalpindiPakistan

Personalised recommendations