Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 71–79 | Cite as

Avian species distribution in different elevation zone forest (Sal, Pine Mixed And Oak) in nainital district of uttarakhand, India

  • Kamal JoshiEmail author
  • Dinesh Bhatt


The present study were made to estimate the avian fauna in terms of species richness and diversity and guild structure in forest habitats of Nainital district of Uttarakhand (350–2.450 m asl; 29° N). Field studies were conducted during January 2007 to December 2008. Total 43, 62 and 42 species were recorded from, Haldwani, Bhowali and Nainital forest habitats. Results indicate the species relationship between Bird species richness (BSR) and elevation sections (forest habitats) was not decline simultaneously along elevation; it shows hump shaped. BSR varied considerably along elevational gradient (43 to 62 species), was highest (62 species) at mid elevation (Mixed pine forest, 1.350–1.700 m asl) and decreased (20 species) at high elevation (Conifer forest, 1900–2450 m asl). It seems that mid altitude bulge is not caused by the presence of a group of mid altitude specialists but rather that there is an overlap in the distribution of low land and high elevation specialists at this altitude. A checklist of 79 avian species has also produced of Nainital district forest habitats. It is suggested that this study provide a base line structure for further study on species distribution in different forest habitats and along different elevation section in Western Himalayas (India).


Diversity Richness Nainital Avian Species Forest Elevation gradients 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences Graphic Era Hill UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Avian Diversity and Bioacoustics LabDepartment of Zoology and Environmental Science Gurukula Kangri UniversityHaridwarIndia

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