Prevalence and intensity of mycorrhiza formation in herbaceous plants with different types of ecological strategies in the Middle Urals

  • A. A. Betekhtina
  • D. V. Veselkin


The prevalence of arbuscular mycorrhizas and abundance of mycorrhizal fungi in the roots of herbaceous plants with different types of Grime-Ramenskii’s ecological strategies (competitors, ruderals, and stress tolerators) have been studied in the Middle Urals. The closest association with arbuscular fungi has been observed in species with a competitive strategy. Compared to them, stress-tolerant species are characterized by lower abundance of mycorrhizal fungal hyphae in the root system, while ruderal plants include a relatively large proportion of nonmycotrophic species showing no interaction with arbuscular fungi.


arbuscular mycorrhiza herbaceous plants ecological strategies 


  1. Ahulu, E.M., Nakata, M., and Nonaka, M., Arum- and Paris-Type Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in a Mixed Pine Forest on Sand Dune Soil in Niigata Prefecture, Central Honshu, Japan, Mycorrhiza, 2005, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 129–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Betekhtina, A.A., Bioecological Features of Mycotrophic and Nonmycotrophic Plant Species, in Ekologicheskie mekhanizmy dinamiki i ustoichivosti bioty (Ecological Mechanisms of Biota Dynamics and Stability), Yekaterinburg, 2004, pp. 29–35.Google Scholar
  3. Betekhtina, A.A. and Kondratkov, P.V., Endomycorrhizas in Segetal Plants Exposed to Different Types of Technogenic Pollution, in Problemy global’noi i regional’noi ekologii (Problems in Global and Regional Ecology), Yekaterinburg: Akademkniga, 2003, pp. 15–18.Google Scholar
  4. Betekhtina, A.A., Kondratkov, P.V., and Gladkikh, K.V., Endomycorrhizas in Flowering and Spore-Bearing Plants, Tr. Inst. Bioresursov Prikl. Ekol. (Orenburg), 2004, no. 4, pp. 12–18.Google Scholar
  5. Brundrett, M.C., Mycorrhizal Associations and Other Means of Nutrition of Vascular Plants: Understanding the Global Diversity of Host Plants by Resolving Conflicting Information and Developing Reliable Means of Diagnosis, Plant and Soil, 2009, vol. 320, no. 1–2, pp. 37–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chibrik, T.S. and Salamatova, N.A., Mycosymbiotrophism in Cultivated Phytocenoses of the Korkino Open Coal Mine, in Rasteniya i promyshlennaya sreda (Plants in the Industrial Environment), Sverdlovsk, 1985, pp. 54–69.Google Scholar
  7. Chibrik, T.S., Nagibina, T.I., and Ryabkova, T.E., On Mycotrophism of Plants on Spoil Banks of Ural Coal Mines, in Rasteniya i promyshlennaya sreda (Plants in the Industrial Environment), Sverdlovsk, 1980, pp. 33–79.Google Scholar
  8. Cornelissen, J.H.C., Aerts, R., Cerabolini, B., et al., Carbon Cycling Traits of Plant Species are Linked with Mycorrhizal Strategy, Oecologia, 2001, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 611–619.Google Scholar
  9. Francis, R., and Rear, D.J., Mutualism and Antagonism in the Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, with Special Reference to Impacts on Plant Community Structure, Can. J. Bot., 1995, vol. 73, no. S1, pp. 1301–1309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frank, D. and Klotz, S., Biologisch-okologische Daten zur Flora in der DDR, Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, 1990.Google Scholar
  11. Gemma J.N. and Koske, R.E., Mycorrhizae in Recent Volcanic Substrates in Hawaii, Am. J. Bot., 1990, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 1193–1200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Glazyrina, M.A., Lukina, N.V., and Chibrik, T.S., On Restoration of Plant Biodiversity on Spoil Banks of Ural Coal Mines, in Biologicheskaya rekul’tivatsiya i monitoring narushennykh zemel’ (Biological Recultivation and Monitoring of Disturbed Lands), Yekaterinburg: Ural. Gos. Univ., 2007, pp. 149–168.Google Scholar
  13. Glebova, O.V., Mycosymbiotrophism in Phytocenoses Formed on Ash Dumps of the Southern Ural State District Power Plant, in Rasteniya i promyshlennaya sreda (Plants in the Industrial Environment,) Yekaterinburg, 1992, pp. 95–101.Google Scholar
  14. Grime, J.P., Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes, Chichester: Wiley, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. Grime, J.P., Hodson, J.G., and Hunt, R., Comparative Plant Ecology: A Functional Approach to Common British, London: Unwin Hyman, 1988.Google Scholar
  16. Hartnett, D.C., Wilson, G.W.T., The Role of Mycorrhizas in Plant Community Structure and Dynamics: Lessons from Grasslands, Plant and Soil, 2002, vol. 244, no. 1–2, pp. 319–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heijden, van der, M.G.A. and Cornelissen, J.H.C., The Critical Role of Plant-Microbe Interactions on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Associations As an Example, in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, Loreau, M., Naeem, S., and Inchausti, P., Eds., Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2002, pp. 181–192.Google Scholar
  18. Heijden, van der, M.G.A., Klironomos, J.N., Ursic, M., et al., Mycorrhizal Fungal Diversity Determines Plant Biodiversity, Ecosystem Variability and Productivity, Nature, 1998, vol. 396, pp. 69–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Heijden, van der, M.G.A., Wiemken, A., and Sanders, I.R., Different Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Alter Coexistence and Resource Distribution between Co-occurring Plants, New Phytol., 2003, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. 569–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lambers, H., Raven, J.A., Shaver, G.R., and Smith, S.E., Plant Nutrient-Acquisition Strategies Change with Soil Age, Trends Ecol. Evol., 2008, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 95–103.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mirkin, B.M., Usmanov, I.Yu., and Naumova, L.G., Types of Plant Strategies: Place in Species Classification Systems and Tendencies of Development, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 1999, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 581–594.Google Scholar
  22. Pezzani, F., Montana, C., and Guevara, R., Associations between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Grasses in the Successional Context of a Two-Phase Mosaic in the Chihuahuan Desert, Mycorrhiza, 2006, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 285–295.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Puschel, D., Rydlova, J., and Vosatka, M., Mycorrhiza Influences Plant Community Structure in Succession on Spoil Banks, Basic Appl. Ecol., 2007, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 510–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. P’yankov, V.I. and Ivanov, L.A., Phytomass Structure in Plants of the Boreal Zone with Different Types of Ecological Strategies, Ekologiya, 2000, no. 1, pp. 3–10.Google Scholar
  25. P’yankov, V.I., Ivanov, L.A., and Lambers, H., Chemical Composition of the Leaves of Plants with Different Ecological Strategies from the Boreal Zone, Ekologiya, 2001, no. 4, pp. 243–251.Google Scholar
  26. Rabotnov, T.A., On the Types of Plant Strategies, Ekologiya, 1985, no. 3, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  27. Ramenskii, L.G., Izbrannye raboty (Selected Works), Leningrad: Nauka, 1971.Google Scholar
  28. Roumet, C., Urcelay, C., and Diaz, S., Suites of Root Traits Differ between Annual and Perennial Species Growing in the Field, New Phytol., 2006, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 357–368.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Selivanov, I.A., Mikosimbiotrofizm kak forma konsortivnykh svyazei v rastitel’nom pokrove Sovetskogo Soyuza (Mycosymbiotrophism As a Form of Consortive Relationships in the Vegetation of the Soviet Union), Moscow: Nauka, 1981.Google Scholar
  30. Trubina, M.R., Mycosymbiotrophism in Communities Exposed to Anthropogenic Pollution. Part 1: Characteristics of Species, in Issledovanie lesov Urala: Mat-ly nauch. chtenii, posvyashchennykh pamyati B.P. Kolesnikova (Studies on Forests of the Urals: Proc. B.P. Kolesnikov Memorial Lectures), Yekaterinburg: Ural. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2002, pp. 65–68.Google Scholar
  31. Vosatka, M. and Dodd, J.C., The Role of Different Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Growth of Calamagrostis villosa and Deschampsia flexuosa in Experiments with Simulated Acid Rain, Plant and Soil, 1998, vol. 200, no. 2, pp. 251–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wilson, G.W.T. and Hartnett, D.C., Interspecific Variation in Plant Responses to Mycorrhizal Colonization in Tallgrass Prairie, Am. J. Bot., 1998, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 1732–1738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ural State UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations