Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 128–136 | Cite as

Holocene dynamics of invertebrate fauna in the littoral zone of Adak, the Aleutian Islands, according to archaeozoological data

  • Zh. A. Antipushina
  • N. K. Kiseleva
  • B. F. Khassanov
  • A. V. Pakhnevich
  • O. A. Krylovich
  • B. I. Sirenko
  • A. B. Savinetsky
Article
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

Studies on invertebrate remains from the cultural layer of an ancient Aleut settlement on Adak Island have shown that the faunistic composition of invertebrates in the study area had not changed significantly during the Late Holocene. The traditional mode of natural resource use by the ancient Aleuts had no impact on the abundance of valuable species and biodiversity in general. Changes in the temperature regime were found to have taken place in the history of deposit formation. The period from the 8th to the mid-11th century was relatively cold. Climate warming took place between the mid-11th and the mid-12th centuries and between the mid-16th and the 19th centuries, with an intervening cooling period (from the mid-12th to the mid-16th century). This cooling was most distinct between the 15th and the mid-16th centuries.

Key words

Holocene ecosystem dynamics Aleutian Islands marine invertebrates shell middens 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antipushina, Zh.A., Recent and Holocene Invertebrates on Adak, the Aleutian Islands, Aktual’nye problemy ekologii i evolyutsii v issledovaniyakh molodykh uchenykh: Mat-ly konf. molodykh sotrudnikov i aspirantov IPEE RAN (Current Problems of Ecology and Evolution Addressed by Young Scientists: Proc. Conf. Young Scientists and Postgraduates of the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences), Moscow, 2006a, pp. 11–16.Google Scholar
  2. Antipushina, Zh.A., Analysis of Holocene Invertebrates from the ADK-009 Site on Adak, the Aleutian Islands, in Dinamika sovremennykh ekosistem v golotsene (The Holocene Dynamics of Recent Ecosystems), Moscow, 2006b, pp. 24–29.Google Scholar
  3. Antipushina, Zh.A., Quantitative Account of Invertebrate Remains in Archaeological Sites (Current Problems of Ecology and Evolution Addressed by Young Scientists: Proc. Conf. Young Scientists and Postgraduates of the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences), Moscow, 2008a, pp. 11–14.Google Scholar
  4. Antipushina, Zh.A., Dynamics of Invertebrate Biodiversity in the Littoral Zone of the Commander-Aleutian Range in the Holocene, Sokhranenie bioraznoobraziya Kamchatki i prilegayushchikh morei: Dokl. VIII mezhdun. nauch. konf., posvyashchennoi 275-letiyu s nachala Vtoroi Kamchatskoi ekspeditsii (1732–1733 gg.) (Biodiversity Conservation in Kamchatka and Surrounding Seas. Proc. VIII Int. Conf. Dedicated to the 275 Anniversary of the Second Kamchatka Expedition, 1732–1733), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, 2008b, pp. 6–15.Google Scholar
  5. Bird, D.W., Richardson, J.L., Veth, P.M., and Barham, A.J., Explaining Shellfish Variability in Middens on the Meriam Island, Torres Strait, Australia, J. Archaeol. Sci., 2002, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 457–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clark, D.W., The Old Kiavak Site, Kodiak Island, Alaska, and the Early Kachemak Phase, Arctic, 1996, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 211–227.Google Scholar
  7. Collins, H., Archaeology of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, Smithson. Misc. Collect., 1937, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 247–251.Google Scholar
  8. Cook, E.R., Esper, J., and D’Arrigo, R.D., Extra-Tropical Northern Hemisphere Land Temperature Variability over the Past 1000 Years, Quat. Sci. Rev., 2004, vol. 23, nos. 20–22, pp. 2063–2074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dall, W., On Succession in the Shell-Heaps of the Aleutian Islands, in Contributions to North American Ethnology, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1877, vol. 1, pp. 41–91.Google Scholar
  10. Desautels, R.J., McCurdy, A.J., Flynn, J.D., and Ellis, R.R., Archaeological Report: Amchitka Island, Alaska, 1969–1970, Los Angeles, CA: Archaeological Research Inc., 1970.Google Scholar
  11. Dinesman, L.G. and Savinetsky, A.B., Quantitative Account of Bones in Cultural Layers of Ancient Settlements, in Noveishie arkheozoologicheskie issledovaniya v Rossii: K stoletiyu so dnya rozhdeniya V.I. Tsalkina (Recent Archaeozoological Studies in Russia: On the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of V.I. Tsalkin), Moscow, 2003, pp. 34–57.Google Scholar
  12. Dinesman, L.G., Kiseleva, N.K., Savinetsky, A.B., and Khasanov, B.F., Vekovaya dinamika pribrezhnykh ekosistem severo-vostoka Chukotki (Centennial Dynamics of Coastal Ecosystems in the Northeastern Chukchi Peninsula), Moscow: Argus, 1996.Google Scholar
  13. Dinesman, L.G., Kiseleva, N.K., Savinetsky, A.B., and Khasanov, B.F., Secular Dynamics of Coastal Zone Ecosystems of the Northeast Chukotka, Tubingen: Mo Vince Verlag, 1999.Google Scholar
  14. Estes, J.A. and Duggins, D.O., Sea Otters and Kelp Forests in Alaska: Generality and Variation in a Community Ecological Paradigm, Ecol. Monogr., 1995, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 75–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hughen, K.A., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., et al., Marine04 Marine Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP, Radiocarbon, 2004, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 1059–1086.Google Scholar
  16. Kafanov, A.I. and Kudryashov, V.A., Morskaya biogeografiya (Marine Biogeography), Moscow: Nauka, 2000.Google Scholar
  17. Laughlin, W.S., Aleuts: Ecosystem, Holocene History, and Siberian Origin, Science, 1975, vol. 189, no. 4202, pp. 507–515.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Laxton, R.R., The Measure of Diversity, J. Theor. Biol., 1978, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 51–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Luttrell, M. and Corbett, D., Archaeological Investigations on Northeast Adak Island, Alaska, July 1999, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2000.Google Scholar
  20. Magurran, E., Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement, London: Croom Helm, 1988. Translated under the title Ekologicheskoe raznoobrazie i ego izmerenie, Moscow: Mir, 1992.Google Scholar
  21. McCartney, A.P., Maritime Adaptations in Cold Archipelagoes: An Analysis of Environment and Culture in the Aleutian and Other Island Chains, in Prehistoric Maritime Adaptations of the Circumpolar Zone, Fitzhugh, W., Ed., Mouton, 1975, pp. 281–338.Google Scholar
  22. Reimer, P.J. and Reimer, R.W., A Marine Reservoir Correction Database and On-Line Interface, Radiocarbon, 2001, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 461–463.Google Scholar
  23. Savinetsky, A.B., Kiseleva, N.K., and Khassanov, B.F., Dynamics of Sea Mammal and Bird Populations of the Bering Sea Region over the Last Several Millennia, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 2004, vol. 209, nos. 1–4, pp. 335–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Spaulding, A.C., Archaeological Investigations on Agattu, Aleutian Islands, Ann Arbor, MI: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  25. Stuiver, M. and Braziunas, T.F., Modeling Atmospheric 14C Influences and 14C Ages of Marine Samples to 10 000 BC, Radiocarbon, 1993, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 137–189.Google Scholar
  26. Veltre, D.W., Preliminary Report of Archaeological Research on Atka Island, Alaska in 1974, Anchorage: Univ. of Alaska Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  27. Veltre, D.W., Preliminary Report of Archaeological Research on Atka Island, Alaska in 1975, Anchorage: Univ. of Alaska Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  28. Veltre, D.W. and Veltre, M.J., Resource Utilization in Atka, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 1983, pp. 142–147.Google Scholar
  29. Veniaminov, I.E., Zapiski ob ostrovakh Unalashkinskogo otdela (Notes on Islands of the Unalaska Range), St. Petersburg, 1840.Google Scholar
  30. Waselkov, G., Shellfish Gathering and Shell Midden Archaeology, Advances in Archaeological Methods and Theory, Orlando, FL: Academic, 1987, vol. 10, pp. 93–210.Google Scholar
  31. Zubkova, Z.N., Aleutskie ostrova (The Aleutian Islands), Moscow: Geografgiz, 1948.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zh. A. Antipushina
    • 1
  • N. K. Kiseleva
    • 1
  • B. F. Khassanov
    • 1
  • A. V. Pakhnevich
    • 2
  • O. A. Krylovich
    • 1
  • B. I. Sirenko
    • 3
  • A. B. Savinetsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations