Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 128–136 | Cite as

Holocene dynamics of invertebrate fauna in the littoral zone of Adak, the Aleutian Islands, according to archaeozoological data

  • Zh. A. Antipushina
  • N. K. Kiseleva
  • B. F. Khassanov
  • A. V. Pakhnevich
  • O. A. Krylovich
  • B. I. Sirenko
  • A. B. Savinetsky


Studies on invertebrate remains from the cultural layer of an ancient Aleut settlement on Adak Island have shown that the faunistic composition of invertebrates in the study area had not changed significantly during the Late Holocene. The traditional mode of natural resource use by the ancient Aleuts had no impact on the abundance of valuable species and biodiversity in general. Changes in the temperature regime were found to have taken place in the history of deposit formation. The period from the 8th to the mid-11th century was relatively cold. Climate warming took place between the mid-11th and the mid-12th centuries and between the mid-16th and the 19th centuries, with an intervening cooling period (from the mid-12th to the mid-16th century). This cooling was most distinct between the 15th and the mid-16th centuries.

Key words

Holocene ecosystem dynamics Aleutian Islands marine invertebrates shell middens 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zh. A. Antipushina
    • 1
  • N. K. Kiseleva
    • 1
  • B. F. Khassanov
    • 1
  • A. V. Pakhnevich
    • 2
  • O. A. Krylovich
    • 1
  • B. I. Sirenko
    • 3
  • A. B. Savinetsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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