Nonequilibrium processes in reactions of hot tritium atoms with cooled solid targets. Attenuation of the flow of tritium atoms in adsorption layers of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides
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The permeability for atomic tritium of adsorption layers of aqueous solutio ns of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides RN(CH3)3Br differing in the length of the hydrocarbon radical R (C12H25, C14H29, C16H33) was studied. The change in the radioactivity of alanine present in the examined solutions was used as the measure of the attenuation of the flow of reactive tritium atoms. The formation of an adsorption monolayer of surfactant molecules on the liquid-gas phase boundary caused the radioactivity of alanine to decrease by a factor of 6.5 (R = C12H25) to 8 (R = C16H33) relative to the experiment with a straight alanine solution. A correlation between the structure of the adsorbed layers of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides and their permeability to atomic tritium is discussed.
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