Advertisement

Morphogenetic Features of Soils under Mountainous Larch Forests and Woodlands in the Subpolar Urals

  • 18 Accesses

Abstract—

On the basis of the profile-genetic approach, diagnostic features of poorly studied mountainous soils under larch forests and woodlands in different geomorphic positions of the Subpolar Urals were identified, and their classification position was determined. The morphological, physicochemical, and chemical characteristics of the studied soil profiles were described. It was found that the soil cover under blueberry–moss larch stands is mainly composed of iron-illuvial svetlozems and iron-illuvial podzols. Both soils were identified as Albic Podzols (Skeletic) in the WRB-2015 system. On the outcrops of calcareous rocks on slopes of river valleys, gray-humus soils (Calcaric Leptosols (Skeletic)) and iron-illuvial podzols were described. They occupy small areas and can be referred to as rare soils in the studied region. Near the upper treeline, lithozems (Lithic Leptosols (Skeletic)) and podburs (Entic Podzols (Skeletic)) are developed; these soils are common in the mountainous tundra landscapes. The accumulation of plant litter on the soil surface and its slow mineralization predetermine the raw-humus and peaty nature of the upper horizons with a broad C : N molecular ratio.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    A. P. Abaimov, S. G. Prokushkin, O. A. Zyryanova, and L. N. Kaverzina, “Formation and functions of larch forests on permafrost soils,” Lesovedenie, No. 5, 13–23 (1997).

  2. 2

    T. V. Ananko, M. I. Gerasimova, and D. E. Konyushkov, “Soils of mountain territories in the classification of Russian soils,” Byull. Pochv. Inst. im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, No. 92, 122–146 (2018). https://doi.org/10.19047/0136-1694-2018-92-122-146

  3. 3

    Atlas of Soils of the Komi Republic, Ed. by G. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. I. Taskaeva, and I. V. Zaboeva (Syktyvkar, 2010) [in Russian].

  4. 4

    Atlas on Climate and Hydrology of the Komi Republic (Drofa, Moscow, 1997) [in Russian].

  5. 5

    G. M. Vtyurin, “Mountainous soils of the Upper Pechora River,” Tr. Pechoro-Ilychskogo Gos. Zapov., No. 14, 7–11 (2005).

  6. 6

    E. I. Gagarina, L. S. Schastnaya, and A. A. Khantulev, “Characteristics of taiga soils in the lower reaches of the Severnaya Dvina River,” Vestn. Leningr. Univ., Ser. Biol. 2 (9), 132–142 (1963).

  7. 7

    P. L. Gorchakovskii, Flora of the High-Mountain Urals (Nauka, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].

  8. 8

    S. V. Goryachkin, Yu. N. Vodyanitskii, D. E. Konyushkov, S. N. Lesovaya, et al., “Bioclimatogenic and geogenic problems of soil geography in Northern Eurasia,” Byull. Pochv. Inst. im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, No. 62, 48–68 (2008).

  9. 9

    State Soil Map of Russia, Scale 1 : 100 000, Explanatory Note to Q-41 Sheet (Vorkuta) (Syktyvkar, 2011) [in Russian].

  10. 10

    S. V. Degteva and Y. A. Dubrovskiy, Forest Vegetation of the Ilych River Basin in the Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve (Nauka, St. Petersburg, 2014) [in Russian].

  11. 11

    S. V. Degteva and Y. A. Dubrovskiy, “Cenotic diversity of mountain-tundra and subalpine zones of the Man’pupuner Ridge (Northern Urals, Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve),” Rastit. Ross., No. 34, 47–84 (2018). https://doi.org/10.31111/vegrus/2018.34.47

  12. 12

    A. A. Dymov and E. V. Zhangurov, “Morphological-genetic characterization of soils on the Enganepe Ridge,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 44, 471–479 (2011).

  13. 13

    A. A. Dymov, E. V. Zhangurov, and V. V. Startsev, “Soils of the northern part of the Subpolar Urals: Morphology, physicochemical properties, and carbon and nitrogen pools,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 46, 459–467 (2013).

  14. 14

    A. A. Dymov and E. V. Zhangurov, “Diversity and genetic features of soils of subpolar Urals,” Perm. Agrar. Vestn., No. 3, 45–52 (2014).

  15. 15

    E. V. Zhangurov, M. P. Lebedeva, and I. V. Zaboeva, “Microstructure of genetic horizons in automorphic soils of the Timan Ridge,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 44, 261–271 (2011).

  16. 16

    E. V. Zhangurov, Y. A. Dubrovskiy, and A. A. Dymov, “Characteristics of soils and vegetation cover of high-altitude belts of the Madynyrd Ridge (Subpolar Urlas),” Izv. Komi Nauchn. Tsentr, Ural. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, No. 4, 46–52 (2012).

  17. 17

    E. V. Zhangurov and A. A. Dymov, “Mineral composition of sand fractions in profile of podzols of the Maldynyrd Range (Subpolar Urals),” Vestn. Inst. Geol. Komi Nauchn. Tsentra, Ural. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, No. 11, 20–23 (2014).

  18. 18

    E. V. Zgangurov, M. P. Lebedeva, and V. A. Shishkov, “Mineralogical and micromorphological diagnostics of pedogenesis on intermediate and mafic rocks in the northern taiga of the Timan Range,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 51, 1357–1368 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229318110108

  19. 19

    I. V. Zaboeva, Soils and Land Resources of the Komi ASSR (Syktyvkar, 1975) [in Russian].

  20. 20

    V. S. Ipatov and D. M. Mirin, Description of Phytocenosis: Methodological Recommendations (St. Petersburg, 2008) [in Russian].

  21. 21

    T. I. Isachenko and E. M. Lavrenko, “Botanical-geographic zonation,” in Vegetation of the European Part of the Soviet Union (Nauka, Leningrad, 1980), pp. 10–20.

  22. 22

    V. N. Konishchev, The Composition of Dispersed Minerals in the Cryolithozone (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1981) [in Russian].

  23. 23

    D. E. Konyushkov, M. I. Gerasimova, and T. V. Ananko, “Correlation of soddy calcareous soils on the soil map of the Russian Federation (1 : 2.5 M scale, 1988) and in the Russian soil classification system,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 52, 244–257 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229319030074

  24. 24

    Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, “The influence of the pyrogenic factor on the gray humic soils of pine forests in the central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory,” Sib. Lesn. Zh., No. 2, 43–52 (2014).

  25. 25

    I. B. Kucherov and A. A. Zverev, “Siberian larch forests in the northeast of European Russia. I. Subarctic and subalpine open woodlands,” Vestn. Tomsk. Gos. Univ., Biol., No. 3-11, 81–108 (2010).

  26. 26

    I. I. Lebedeva and M. I. Gerasimova, “Diagnostic horizons in the Russian soil classification system,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 45, 823–833 (2012).

  27. 27

    Forests of the Komi Republic (Moscow, 1999) [in Russian].

  28. 28

    R. P. Mikhailova, “Micromorphological and chemical features of brown rough-humic soils of the central zone of Middle Urals,” Pochvovedenie, No. 5, 5–12 (1976).

  29. 29

    National Atlas of Soils of Russian Federation (Astrel’, Moscow, 2011) [in Russian].

  30. 30

    N. I. Nepomilueva, “The Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) in woodlands of Subpolar Urals,” in Study and Protection of Northern Vegetation (Komi Branch, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Syktyvkar, 1984), pp. 51–68.

  31. 31

    V. N. Pereverzev, “Genetic features of soils in altitudinal natural zones of the Khibiny Mountains,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 43, 509–518 (2010).

  32. 32

    Field Guide for Identification of Russian Soils (Dokuchaev Soil Science Inst., Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].

  33. 33

    Soils and Soil Cover of Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve (Northern Urals), Ed. by S. V. Degteva and E. M. Lapteva (Syktyvkar, 2013) [in Russian].

  34. 34

    V. V. Rogov, “Specific morphology of the particles of cryogenic eluvium,” Kriosfera Zemli 4 (3), 67–73 (2000).

  35. 35

    L. P. Rysin, Larch Forests of Russia (KMK, Moscow, 2010) [in Russian].

  36. 36

    I. A. Samofalova and O. A. Luzyanina, “Ecological-genetic characteristic of soils of mountain-forest belt of Middle Urals,” Izv. Samar. Nauchn. Tsentra, Ross. Akad. Nauk 15 (3–4), 1426–1431 (2013).

  37. 37

    I. A. Samofalova, “Morphological-genetic features of soils on the Homgi-Nel Mountain (Northern Urals, Vishera Nature Reserve),” Perm. Agrar. Vestn., No. 4, 64–72 (2015).

  38. 38

    A. A. Semikolennykh, A. D. Bovkunov, and A. A. Aleinikov, “Soils and the soil cover of the taiga zone in the northern Urals (upper reaches of the Pechora River),” Eurasian Soil Sci. 46, 821–832 (2013).

  39. 39

    G. A. Simonov, Effect of Development of Alluvial Deposits of Subpolar Urals on Environment (Syktyvkar, 1994) [in Russian].

  40. 40

    E. B. Skvortsova, E. V. Shein, K. N. Abrosimov, K. A.  Romanenko, A. V. Yudina, et al., “The impact of multiple freeze–thaw cycles on the microstructure of aggregates from a soddy-podzolic soil: a microtomographic analysis,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 51, 190–198 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229318020102

  41. 41

    V. V. Startsev, E. V. Zhangurov, and A. A. Dymov, “Soil characteristics of the Yaptiknyrd Ridge,” Vestn. Tomsk. Gos. Univ., Biol., No. 38, 6–27 (2017). https://doi.org/10.17223/19988591/38/1

  42. 42

    V. O. Targulian, “Movement of suspension in mountain-tundra and mountain-taiga soils on massif-crystalline minerals,” Pochvovedenie, No. 8, 26–36 (1964).

  43. 43

    Theory and Practice of the Chemical Analysis of Soils, Ed. by L. A. Vorob’eva (Moscow, 2006) [in Russian].

  44. 44

    V. D. Tonkonogov, A. V. Pastukhov, and I. V. Zaboeva, “Genesis and classification position of automorphic soils developed from mantle loams in the northern taiga of European Russia,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 39, 21–28 (2006).

  45. 45

    V. D. Tonkonogov, Automorphic Pedogenesis in Tundra and Taiga Zones of East European and West Siberian Plains (Dokuchaev Soil Science Inst., Moscow, 2010) [in Russian].

  46. 46

    I. S. Urusevskaya, “Soil catenas on denudation plains in the forest-tundra and northern taiga zones of the Kola Peninsula,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 50, 765–779 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229317070122

  47. 47

    V. P. Firsova and K. G. Rzhannikova, “Brown forest soils on granites of Middle Urals,” Pochvovedenie, No. 6, 14–24 (1968).

  48. 48

    V. P. Firsova and T. S. Pavlova, Soil Conditions and Specific Biological Matter Cycle in Mountain Pine Forests (Nauka, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].

  49. 49

    Floras, Lichen- and Microbiota of Strictly Protected Landscapes of the Kos’yu and Bol’shaya Synya River Basins (Subpolar Urals, Yugyd Va National Park), Ed. by S. V. Degteva (Moscow, 2016) [in Russian].

  50. 50

    Elementary Pedogenic Processes: Conceptual Analysis (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].

  51. 51

    Yu. P. Yudin, “Larch forests,” in Industrial Forces of Komi ASSR (Moscow, 1954), Vol. 3, Part 1, pp. 158–185.

  52. 52

    A. A. Dymov, E. V. Zhangurov, and F. Hagedorn, “Soil organic matter composition along altitudinal gradients in permafrost affected soils of the subpolar Ural Mountains,” Catena 131, 140–148 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2015.03.020

  53. 53

    IUSS Working Group WRB, World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps, World Soil Resources Reports No. 106 (Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 2015).

  54. 54

    A. Munsell, Munsell Soil Color Chart (Colmorgan Instruments, Baltimore, MD, 1988).

  55. 55

    I. A. Samofalova, O. B. Rogova, and O. A. Luzyanina, “Diagnostics of soils of different altitudinal vegetation belts in the Middle Urals according to group composition of iron compounds,” Geogr. Nat. Resour. 1, 71–78 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1875372816010108

  56. 56

    T. A. Sizonenko and Y. A. Dubrovskiy, “Ectomycorrhiza of Larix sibirica Ledeb. along the gradients of main ecological factors and elevation at the Northern and subpolar Urals,” J. Mt. Sci. 15, 2603–2613 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5074-3

  57. 57

    L. T. Strand, “Comparison of different systems for classification of seven podzolized, sandy soils in Southern Norway,” Norw. J. Agric. Sci. 9, 127–141 (1995).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to E. V. Zhangurov.

Additional information

Translated by D. Konyushkov

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhangurov, E.V., Startsev, V.V., Dubrovskiy, Y.A. et al. Morphogenetic Features of Soils under Mountainous Larch Forests and Woodlands in the Subpolar Urals. Eurasian Soil Sc. 52, 1463–1476 (2019) doi:10.1134/S1064229319120147

Download citation

Keywords:

  • diagnostic horizons
  • Larix sibirica
  • parent material
  • soil classification