Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 1363–1368 | Cite as

Thermophysical Properties of Histosols on Lowmoor Peat

  • E. V. SheinEmail author
  • A. D. Pozdnyakova
  • N. V. Sorokina
  • A. V. Dembovetsky
  • A. P. Shvarov
  • L. I. Il’in


The temperature regime and the dependence of thermal diffusivity on the volumetric water content in high-ash drained peat soils (Sapric Drainic Histosols (Lignic)) on woody peat underlain by grass, sedge, and woody peat layer in the Yakhroma River valley (Moscow oblast) were studied in terrain and laboratory on undisturbed samples. In the laboratory, the dependences of thermal diffusivity were determined in the course of sample drying by the Kondrat’ev method (a steady-state radial heat flow); whereas the terrain dynamic data on the daily temperature variations were used to solve the inverse problem by the heat wave method. The dependences obtained by laboratory and field methods showed a dome-like shape, the maxima of which were close (at the volumetric water content equal to 57–60%), but the thermal diffusivity obtained from the terrain data was 1.2 times lower at the maximum point. Considering the further use of dependences in predictive mathematical models, approximation of the curves by the method of Chang and Horton made it possible to evaluate the accuracy of the approximation parameters and to compare them. According to the laboratory method, the approximation errors grew reliably with an increase in the measured thermal diffusivity, which points to a systematic error in the laboratory measurement of the latter as dependent on the water content; this effect was not registered in the field method. The systematic errors in laboratory studies must be associated with shrinkage and vapor transfer.


peat soils thermal diffusivity thermal regime daily dynamics of soil temperature 



The study was partly supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 19-04-01056.


  1. 1.
    T. G. Dobrovol’skaya, A. V. Golovchenko, et al., Functions of Microbial Complexes in Upper Peatbogs: The Reasons of Slow Peat Destruction (KMK, Moscow, 2013), p. 128.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. R. Zaidel’man, Degradation of Reclaimed Soils of Russia and Adjacent Countries as a Result of Change in Their Water Regime and Control Measures (Kvarta, Voronezh, 2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. M. Zenova, A. A. Gryadunova, A. I. Pozdnyakov, and D. G. Zvyagintsev, “Aerobic and microaerophilic actinomycetes of typical agropeat and peat soils,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 41, 210–214 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. G. Kovalev, A. I. Pozdnyakov, D. A. Musekaev, and L. A. Pozdnyakova, Peat, Peat Soils, and Fertilizers (Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Moscow, 1998) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. S. Kukharenko, T. N. Pochatkova, and L. A. Pozdnyakov, “Physicochemical characteristics of upper and lower peatbogs,” in Functions of Microbial Complexes in Upper Peatbogs: The Reasons of Slow Peat Destruction (KMK, Moscow, 2013), pp. 20–27.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. D. Mikayilov and E. V. Shein, “Theoretical principles of experimental methods for determining the thermal diffusivity of soils,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 43, 556–564 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ts. I. Minkina, V. Ya. Belyakova, and N. D. Startseva, Analysis of the Main Site of Experimental Farm of Central Peatbog Experimental Station (Dmitrov, 1966), pp. 25–77.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. I. Pozdnyakov, N. G. Kovalev, D. A. Musekaev, L. A. Pozdnyakov, A. D. Pozdnyakova, E. V. Shirokova, R. A. Borodkina, A. P. Shvarov, and M. S. Dubrova, Peat and Eutrophic Peatlands during Long-Term Agricultural Use (Tver State Univ., Tver, 2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Yu. Rabinovsich, E. V. Shirokova, L. A. Pozdnyakov, A. D. Pozdnyakova, O. N. Antsiferova, and T. N. Panteleeva, “Degradation of meliorated lowland peat soils of the landscapes of Yakhromskaya valley,” in New Methods and Results of Landscape Studies in Europe,Central Asia, and Siberia (Moscow, 2018), pp. 306–310.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Theories and Methods of Soil Physics, Ed. by E. V. Shein and L. O. Karpachevskii (Grif i K, Tula, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. V. Shein, M. A. Mazirov, F. D. Mikayilov, and A. I. Martynov, “Thermophysical characteristics of soils as a basis for calculation and control of thermal regime of soils,” Zemledelie, No. 6, 20–23 (2016).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. V. Shein and I. M. Ryzhova, Mathematical Modeling in Soil Science (Izhevsk, 2016) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. A. Arkhangel’skaya, K. I. Luk’yashchenko, and P. I. Tikhonravova, “Thermal diffusivity of typical chernozems in the Kamennaya Steppe reserve,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 48, 177–182 (2015). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Busby, “Determination of thermal properties for horizontal ground collector loops,” in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congr., Melbourne, Australia. April 19–25, 2015 (International Geothermal Association, Bochum, 2015).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. O. Chung and R. Horton, “Soil heat and water flow with a partial surface mulch, Water Resour. Res. 23 (12), 2175–2186 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Ghader, “Clay-loam soil thermal properties survey,” Int. J. Adv. Appl. Sci. 1 (6), 31–36 (2014).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Joosten, F. Tanneberger, and A. Moen, Mires and Peatlands in Europe: Status, Distribution and Conservation (Schweizerbart Science, Stuttgart, 2017).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. A. Keddy, Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. M. Mahdavi, M. R. Neyshabouri, and H. Fujimaki, “Assessment of some soil thermal conductivity models via variation in temperature and bulk density at low water range,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 49, 915–925 (2016). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. Rezanezhad, J. S. Price, W. L. Quinton, B. Lennartz, T. Milojevic, and P. van Cappellen, “Structure of peat soils and implications for water storage, flow and solute transport: a review update for geochemists,” Chem. Geol. 429, 75–84 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Usowicz, J. Lipiec, M. Łukowski, W. Marczewski, and J. Usowicz, “The effect of biochar application on thermal properties and albedo of loess soil under grassland and fallow,” Soil Tillage Res. 164, 45–51 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. V. Shein
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • A. D. Pozdnyakova
    • 2
  • N. V. Sorokina
    • 1
  • A. V. Dembovetsky
    • 1
  • A. P. Shvarov
    • 1
  • L. I. Il’in
    • 4
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.All-Russia Research Institute of Reclaimed Lands, Emmauss settlementKalinin raionRussia
  3. 3.Dokuchaev Soil Science InstituteMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Vladimir Scientific Research Institute of AgricultureSuzdal districtRussia

Personalised recommendations