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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 12, pp 1381–1396 | Cite as

Record of Holocene Changes in High-Mountain Landscapes of Southeastern Altai in the Soil–Sedimentary Sequence of the Boguty River Valley

  • M. A. BronnikovaEmail author
  • A. R. Agatova
  • M. P. Lebedeva
  • R. K. Nepop
  • Yu. V. Konoplianikova
  • I. V. Turova
GENESIS AND GEOGRAPHY OF SOILS
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Abstract

The results of morphosubstantive genetic study of a soil–sedimentary sequence with four buried soils in the Boguty River basin (southeastern Altai) are discussed. A comparative analysis of the surface and buried soils in the valley of a tributary of the Boguty River allows us to distinguish between the following stages of the development of valley landscapes: (1) 11–8 ka BP, humid to semihumid stage with the warmest climate and widespread development of forest vegetation with the formation of texture-differentiated soils with a dark humus horizon; (2) 8–7 ka BP, the stage of relative cooling and humidization of the climate; disturbance of the valley landscapes by a mudflow; the formation of thin short-living dark-humus gleyic soils with cryogenic features under the meadow-steppe vegetation; (3) about 7 ka BP, the stage of transformation of the earlier formed profiles by solifluction processes; (4) 7–<2.7 ka BP, the stage of stabilization of the slopes and the development of cold meadow-steppe/steppe pedogenesis under conditions of a small deficit of moisture; (5) about 2.7 ka BP, a short stage of aridization and activation of eolian followed by stage (6) Al–Fe-humus pedogenesis under the tundra/meadow-steppe phytocenoses with a shift from humid to arid climatic conditions of the next (7) stage of the cryoaridic steppe pedogenesis. Modern pedogenesis proceeds under the cold and dry conditions that are most severe since the beginning of the Holocene. The obtained data are in agreement with the existing notions about the evolution of geosystems in the southeastern Altai in the Holocene and make them more detailed.

Keywords:

buried soils soil records of environmental changes Holocene evolution of soils and the environment 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The theoretical base of this study was developed within the framework of the state contract 148-2016-0002. A part of field studies, preparation of thin sections, and their micromorphological analysis were supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 14-27-0013. Physicochemical and chemical properties of soils and characteristics of soil organic matter were analyzed with support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 17-04-01526. The interpretation of remote sensing data was done within the framework of state contracts 0330-2016-0015, and field geological and geomorphological studies and radiocarbon dating were supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 16-05-01035. The authors are grateful to I.G. Shorkunov and G.A. Bodelukov for their valuable help in field studies; to staff members of the Chemical Laboratory A.M. Chugunova and E.A. Agafonova and to staff members of the Laboratory of Radiocarbon Dating and Electron Microscopy of the Institute of Geography E.P. Zazovskaya, A.V. Pochikalov, and V.A. Shishkov for the analytical works.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Bronnikova
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. R. Agatova
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. P. Lebedeva
    • 1
    • 4
  • R. K. Nepop
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yu. V. Konoplianikova
    • 1
    • 5
  • I. V. Turova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirsk, Russia
  3. 3.Yeltsin Ural Federal UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  4. 4.Dokuchaev Soil Science InstituteMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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