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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 955–964 | Cite as

Transformation of Water-Soluble Organic Substances in Litters of Podzols in the Background and Technogenic Areas of the Kola Peninsula

  • P. E. Odintsov
  • E. I. Karavanova
  • A. A. Stepanov
Degradation, Rehabilitation, and Conservation of Soils
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Mineralization of water-soluble organic substances in forest litters of different compositions under conditions of their pollution with heavy metals from aerogenic emissions is considered. Water-soluble organic substances of the pine forest litters are shown to be less stable than that under the spruce forests irrespective of their pollution; the portion of mineralized at 20°C carbon for a month reached 40%. In the spruce litters, mineralizable amounts of carbon are related to their pollution: in the technogenic areas, compared to the background ones, carbon losses from the litters are twice greater. In the course of decomposition, in the spruce and pine litters, phenol compounds accumulate among the water-soluble organic compounds, and this process is more intense in the contaminated areas. After the decomposition of all the litters, irrespectively of their composition and the distance from the pollution sources, the water-soluble organic substances are characterized by higher indices of humification (HIX), more intense fluorescence, and greater coefficients of specific extinction (E260). In the ultraviolet spectra, bands appear in the region of aromatic amines absorption. These changes indicate the transformation of water-soluble organic substances: the degrees of their condensation and aromaticity increase and nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds are formed.

Keywords

biodegradation pollution podzol phenolic compounds forest litter heavy metals 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. E. Odintsov
    • 1
  • E. I. Karavanova
    • 1
  • A. A. Stepanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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