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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 131–139 | Cite as

Soils of Low-Mountain Landscapes of North Karelia

  • M. V. Medvedeva
  • G. V. Akhmetova
  • N. G. Fedorets
  • A. S. Yakovlev
  • B. V. Raevskii
  • V. V. Travin
Genesis and Geography of Soils
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Soils of low-mountain landscapes in the northwest of Karelia have been studied. The soil cover of the studied area is mainly represented by Al–Fe-humus soils (Podzols); thin soils (Leptosols) are widespread. Characteristic morphological features of all the studied soils are relatively shallow profiles, high stone content, and underlying by hard bedrock with fine earth material in crevices between large boulders. The studied soils have the high carbon and low nitrogen content, which points to unfavorable conditions of organic matter transformation. The content of most macro- and microelements is not high, which is typical for soils of the region; the content of copper and zinc exceeds the regional background two–three times. Regularities of the vertical zonality in the properties of soils of mountain ecosystems manifest themselves in decreasing thickness of the soil profile at higher altitude above sea level in parallel to decreasing thickness of the layer of loose rocks, while the stone content increases. In soils of the forest-tundra zone, the organomineral horizon with the high organic matter content is formed immediately under the forest litter. The litter horizon is the soils of this zone is characterized by increased concentrations of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc.

Keywords

altitudinal zonality mountainous soils soil properties mountainous taiga zone forest-tundra zone undisturbed ecosystems 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Medvedeva
    • 1
  • G. V. Akhmetova
    • 1
  • N. G. Fedorets
    • 1
  • A. S. Yakovlev
    • 2
  • B. V. Raevskii
    • 1
  • V. V. Travin
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Forest, Karelian Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia
  2. 2.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Geology, Karelian Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

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