Advertisement

Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 50, Issue 8, pp 907–916 | Cite as

Digital soil map of the Ussuri River basin

  • A. N. BugaetsEmail author
  • N. F. Pschenichnikova
  • A. A. Tereshkina
  • S. M. Krasnopeev
  • B. I. Gartsman
  • O. M. Golodnaya
  • V. I. Oznobikhin
Genesis and Geography of Soils

Abstract

On the basis of digital soil, topographic, and geological maps; raster topography model; forestry materials; and literature data, the digital soil map of the Ussuri River basin (24400 km2) was created on a scale of 1: 100000. To digitize the initial paper-based maps and analyze the results, an ESRI ArcGIS Desktop (ArcEditor) v.10.1 (http://www.esri.com) and an open-code SAGA GIS v.2.3 (System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses, http://www.saga-gis.org) were used. The spatial distribution of soil areas on the obtained digital soil map is in agreement with modern cartographic data and the SRTM digital elevation model (SRTM DEM). The regional soil classification developed by G.I. Ivanov was used in the legend to the soil map. The names of soil units were also correlated with the names suggested in the modern Russian soil classification system. The major soil units on the map are at the soil subtypes that reflect the entire vertical spectrum of soils in the south of the Far East of Russia (Primorye region). These are mountainous tundra soils, podzolic soils, brown taiga soils, mountainous brown forest soils, bleached brown soils, meadow-brown soils, meadow gley soils, and floodplain soils). With the help of the spatial analysis function of GIS, the comparison of the particular characteristics of the soil cover with numerical characteristics of the topography, geological composition of catchments, and vegetation cover was performed.

Keywords

Ussuri River basin soil cover digital soil map 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Atlas of Forests of Primorskii Region, Ed. by S. M. Krasnopeev and V. A. Rozenberg (Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. N. Bugaets, N. F. Pshenichnikova, A. A. Tereshkina, S. M. Krasnopeev, and B. I. Gartsman, “Analysis of the spatial differentiation of the soil cover in the south of the Far East of Russia by the example of the Komarovka River basin,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 48, 231–239. 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Geological Map of the Soviet Union, Scale 1: 200000 (Liter. Geol. Okhrane Nedr, Moscow, 1960) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. A. Zimovets, Soil-Geochemical Processes in Monsoon Permafrost Landscapes (Nauka, Moscow, 1967) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A Map of Soil-Ecological Zonation of the Russian Federation, Scale 1: 2500000, Ed. by G. V. Dobrovol’skii, I. S. Urusevskaya, et al. (Talka+, Moscow, 2013) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. I. Ivanov, Classification of Plain Soils in the Amur Region and Primorye (Dal’nevost. Knizhn. Izd., Vladivostok, 1966) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. I. Ivanov, Soil Map of Primorskii Region, Scale 1: 500000 (General Office on Geodesy and Cartography, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. I. Ivanov, Soil-Forming Processes in the South of the Far East (Nauka, Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. I. Ivanov, Soils of Primorskii Region (Dal’nevost. Knizhn. Izd., Vladivostok, 1964) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. I. Ivanov and A. I. Kachitani, Soil Map of Agricultural Area of Primorskii Region, Scale 1: 300000 (Far Eastern Research Institute of Agriculture, Khabarovsk, 1961) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. L. Shishov, V. D. Tonkonogov, I. I. Lebedeva, and M. I. Gerasimova, Classification and Diagnostic System of Russian Soils (Oikumena, Smolensk, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. A. Kovda, Yu. A. Liverovskii, and Sun Da Chen, “Description of soils in the Amur region,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Biol., No. 1, 91–106 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. P. Kolesnikov, “Vegetation,” in Southern Part of the Far East (Nauka, Moscow, 1969), pp. 206–250.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. S. Korlyakov and V. I. Oznobikhin, “Factors and general features of moisture regime of southern soils of the Far East,” in Overmoistened Soils of the Far East and Their Melioration (Far Eastern State Univ., Vladivostok, 1970), pp. 71–80.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. M. Kostenkov, “Development of redox processes in soils of different moisture regimes,” in Gley Processes and Physical-Chemical Properties of Southern Soils of Far East (Far Eastern Scientific Center, Academy of Sciences of Soviet Union, Moscow, 1980), pp. 3–22.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. M. Kostenkov and V. I. Oznobikhin, “Cartography of taiga soil cover within a municipal region,” in Modern Status and Rational Use of Soil, Forest, and Water Resources in the Russian Far East (Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 1997), Book 1, pp. 119–134.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. A. Kreida, “Soils of coniferous–broadleaved and broadleaved forests of Primorskii region,” Uch. Zap. Dal’nevost. Gos. Univ. 27 (2), (1970).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yu. A. Liverovskii, Genesis and Geography of Soils (Nauka, Moscow, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu. A. Liverovskii and V. I. Roslikova, “Genesis of some meadow soils of Primorye,” Pochvovedenie, No. 8, 36–40 (1962).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu. I. Man’ko and G. A. Gladkova, The Drying of Spruce as a Probable Result of Global Deterioration of Dark Coniferous Forests (Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. V. Nazarkina, Lithological Features and Hydrophysical Properties of Soils in River Valleys of Sikhote-Alin (Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. I. Oznobikhin and E. P. Sinel’nikov, Characteristics of Major Soil Properties of Soils in Primorye and Their Rational Use (Ussuriisk, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. I. Perel’man, Geochemistry of Landscape (Vysshaya Shkola, Moscow, 1966) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. F. Pshenichnikov, “Podzolic humus-illuvial soils of Primorye,” Pochvovedenie, No. 11, 14–23 (1976).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. F. Pshenichnikova, Soils of Drying Fir-Spruce Forests in the Central Sikhote-Alin (Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. P. Sapozhnikov, G. A. Selivanova, T. M. Il’ina, V. N. Dyukarev, G. N. Butovets, G. A. Gladkova, G. I. Gavrenkov, and A. S. Zhil’tsov, Pedogenesis and Specificity of Biological Cycles of Matter in Mountainous Forests of the Southern Sikhote-Alin (by Example of Verkhneussuriiskii Station) (Far Eastern Scientific Research Institute of Forestry, Khabarovsk, 1993) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. P. Sinel’nikov and Yu. I. Slabko, Agrogenesis of Soils in Primorye (Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. A. Tereshkina, A. N. Bugaets, N. F. Pshenichnikova, O. M. Golodnaya, and V. I. Oznobikhin, “Creation of database of hydrophysical characteristics of soil cover and modeling of hydrological regime in a small catchment of the Komarovka River,” Proceedings of International Scientific Conference “Role of Soils in the Biosphere and Human Life” (Moscow, 2015), pp. 177–119.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Digital Soil Cartography: Theoretical and Experimental Studies (Dokuchaev Soil Science Inst., Moscow, 2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    L. G. Shelest, Floodplain Soils of the Southeastern Primorye (Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Boehner, R. Koethe, O. Conrad, J. Gross, A. Ringeler, and T. Selige, “Soil Regionalization by Means of Terrain Analysis and Process Parameterization,” in Soil Classification 2001, Research Report No. 7, EUR 20398 EN (European Soil Bureau, Luxembourg, 2002), pp. 213–222.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. E. Hartemink and A. McBratney, “A soil science renaissance,” Geoderma 148 (2), 123–129 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Bugaets
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • N. F. Pschenichnikova
    • 1
  • A. A. Tereshkina
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. M. Krasnopeev
    • 1
    • 4
  • B. I. Gartsman
    • 1
    • 3
  • O. M. Golodnaya
    • 5
  • V. I. Oznobikhin
    • 5
  1. 1.Pacific Institute of GeographyFar-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Far Eastern Regional Hydrometeorological Research Institute (FERHRI)VladivostokRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Water ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia
  5. 5.Federal Scientific Center of the Biodiversity of Terrestrial Biota of East AsiaFar Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations