Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 50, Issue 7, pp 837–849 | Cite as

Extreme pollution of soils by emissions of the copper–nickel industrial complex in the Kola Peninsula

Degradation, Rehabilitation, and Conservation of Soils
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Abstract

The distribution of the total Ni, Cu, Co, Cd, Pb, and Zn contents was studied in the soil profiles of six catenas in the zone subjected to emissions of the copper-nickel industrial complex, which is the largest source of SO2 and heavy metals in northern Europe. The results show that, at present, the concentrations of Ni and Cu in the upper organic soil horizons in the impact zone reach extreme levels of 9000 and 6000 mg/kg, respectively. Under conditions of the long-term intense multi-element industrial emissions, the modern levels of the accumulation of polluting substances in soils greatly depend on the indirect factors, such as the degree of the technogenic degradation of soils with the loss of a significant part of soil organic matter, the reaching of threshold saturation of the topsoil with polluting metals, and competitive relationships between chemical elements. The state of the ecosystems in the impact zone varied greatly and did not always agree with the contents of the main metals-pollutants in the soils. The moisture conditions determined by the landscape position affected significantly the resistance of the ecosystems to emissions.

Keywords

heavy metals podzols catena state of ecosystems Podzols 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Kola Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesApatityRussia

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