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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 95–105 | Cite as

Dynamics of benzo[α]pyrene accumulation in soils under the influence of aerotechnogenic emissions

  • S. N. SushkovaEmail author
  • T. M. Minkina
  • S. S. Mandzhieva
  • I. G. Deryabkina
  • G. K. Vasil’eva
  • R. Kızılkaya
Degradation, Rehabilitation, and Conservation of Soils

Abstract

The regularities of benzo[α]pyrene (BaP) accumulation and distribution in chernozems (Haplic Chernozems), meadow-chernozemic soils (Haplic Chernozems (Stagnic)), and alluvial soils (Fluvisols) affected by the aerotechnogenic emissions from the Novocherkasskaya Electric Power Station (NEPS) were studied on the basis of long-term (2002–2011) monitoring data. A 5-km-wide zone stretching to the northwest from the electric power station and coinciding with the predominant wind direction was found to be most contaminated, with the maximum accumulation of BaP at about 1.6 km from the source. The coefficients of vertical BaP distribution between the layers of 0–5 and 5–20 cm closely correlated with the contents of physical clay, clay, and humus, and with the cation exchange capacity. The content of BaP in soils was shown to be indicative of the level of technogenic loads related to the combustion products of hydrocarbon fuels.

Keywords

monitoring benzo[α]pyrene extraction chernozems (Haplic Chernozem) meadow-chernozemic soils (Haplic Chernozems (Stagnic)) alluvial soils (Fluvisols) migration particle-size distribution 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Sushkova
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. M. Minkina
    • 1
  • S. S. Mandzhieva
    • 1
  • I. G. Deryabkina
    • 1
  • G. K. Vasil’eva
    • 2
  • R. Kızılkaya
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Ivanovskii Academy of Biology and BiotechnologySouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Institute for Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow oblastRussia
  3. 3.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science & Plant NutritionOndokuz Mayıs UniversityAtakum/SamsunTurkey
  4. 4.Agrobigen R&D Ltd.Co. Samsun TechnoparkOndokuz Mayıs UniversityAtakum/SamsunTurkey

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