Advertisement

Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 640–651 | Cite as

Dynamics of the microaggregate composition of chernozem in relation to changes in the content of organic matter

  • V. S. Kryshchenko
  • I. V. Zamulina
  • T. V. Rybyanets
  • N. E. KravtsovaEmail author
  • O. A. Biryukova
  • O. M. Golozubov
Soil Physics

Abstract

Monitoring of soil dispersivity and humus state has been performed in the stationary profile of ordinary chernozem in the Botanic Garden of the Southern Federal University in 2009–2014. The contents of physical clay and sand are almost stable in time, which indicates a quasi-static (climax) equilibrium in the soil. Another (reversible dynamic) process occurs simultaneously: seasonal and annual variation in the mass fractions of clay and silt in physical clay. Variations of humus content in the whole soil and in its physical clay are also observed on the background of seasonal changes in precipitation and temperature. A procedure has been developed for the analysis of the polydisperse soil system with consideration for the quasi-static and dynamic equilibriums. A two-vector coordinate system has been introduced, which consists of scales for changes in the contents of physical clay and physical sand in 100 g of soil and changes in the fractions of clay and silt in 100 g of physical clay. Co-measurements of two dispersivity series of soil samples—actual dynamic and calculated under quasi-static equilibrium (ideal)—have been performed. Dynamic equilibrium coefficients, which cumulatively reflect the varying proportions of physical clay and physical sand in the soil and the mass fractions of clay and silt in physical clay, have been calculated.

Keywords

dispersivity system equilibrium humus comparison standard Haplic Chernozems 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. N. Aleksandrova, O. V. Yurlova, and L. V. Lobitskaya, “Distribution and composition of humus substances and their organomineral derivatives in particle-size fractions from some soil types,” Zap. Leningr. S-Kh. Inst. 105 (1), (1966).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. P. Akhtyrtsev and L. A. Yablonskikh, “Dependence of the humus composition on the particle-size distribution in forest-steppe soils,” Pochvovedenie, No. 7, 114–121 (1986).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. V. Arinushkina, Manual for Chemical Analysis of Soils (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1970), pp. 121–135.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. N. Barsukov, “Soil as a colloid system,” Pochvovedenie, No. 4, 243–251 (1948).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. S. Bezuglova, Humus Status of Soils in South Russia (North Caucasus Scientific Center, Rostov-on-Don, 2001), pp. 125–130.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. N. Besedin, Composition and Properties of Colloid-Clay and Waterproof Aggregates of Sierozems and Meadow Soils (Central Asian State University, Tashkent, 1954) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. D. Voronin, “Some properties of mechanical fractions from light chestnut zonal soils,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. Biol., Pochvoved., Geol., Geogr., No. 4, 93–103 (1958).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. S. Kryshchenko, T. V. Rybyanets, and O. A. Biryukova, “The parameter 'humus content in 100 g soil' is a function of two variables,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Severo-Kavk. Region, Estestv. Nauki, special issue, 97–101 (2003).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. S. Kryshchenko, T. V. Rybyanets, O. A. Biryukova, and O. A. Besedina, “Matrix features of humus-granulometric relationships in a polydisperse soil system,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Severo-Kavk. Region, Estestv. Nauki, No. 4, part 2, 102–110 (2003).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. S. Kryshchenko, T. V. Rybyanets, O. A. Biryukova, and N. E. Kravtsova, “The compensation principle of the analysis of the humus-texture relationships in a polydisperse soil system,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 39 (4), 423–432 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. S. Kryshchenko, T. V. Rybianets, N. Y. Kravtsova, O. A. Biriukova, and I. V. Zamulina, “Monitoring of changes in soil dispersion and humus content under climatic aridization,” Arid Ecosyst. 4 (3), 220–227 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Yu. Milanovskii, Humic Soil Substances as the Natural Hydrophobic-Hydrophilic Compounds (GEOS, Moscow, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. N. Miroshnichenko, “Colloidal–chemical diagnostics of soil processes,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 33 (1), 56–61 (2000).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. F. Ovchinnikova, “Features of natural stability and agrogenic transformation of soil humus,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 46 (12), 1150–1163 (2013). doi 10.1134/S1064229313120053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. V. Rybyanets, Candidate’s Dissertation in Agriculture (Krasnodar, 1994).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. V. Smagin, “Aggregate level of organization of the sand soils in pine biogeocenosises,” Pochvovedenie, No. 6, 16–23 (1993).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. N. Sokolovskii, Soil Science and Agrochemistry (Urozhai, Kiev, 1971) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Theories and Methods of Soil Physics: Collective Monograph, Ed. by E. V. Shein and L. O. Karpachevskii (Grif i K, Moscow, 2007), pp. 54–90Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. A. Titova, “Organic matter of fine-dispersed fractions of virgin soils in solonchak complexes of Kalmyk steppe,” Pochvovedenie, No. 7, 37–44 (1976).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. I. Trofimenko and Yu. E. Kizyakov, “Organic matter of some granulometric fractions of major soil types in Cis-Caucasus,” Pochvovedenie, No. 2, 65–73 (1967).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. F. Tyulin, Organomineral Colloids in Soil: Their Genesis and Role in the Root Nutrition of Plants (Academy of Sciences of Soviet Union, Moscow, 1958) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. S. Kryshchenko, L. Y. Goncharova, N. Y. Kravtsova, and O. M. Golozubov, “Types of dynamic balance in a polydisperse soil system,” Nauka Stud. 51 (6), 65–68 (2012).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Stemmer, M. H. Gerzabek, and E. Kandeler, “Organic matter and enzyme activity in particle-size fractions of soil obtained after low-energy sonication,” Soil. Biol. Biochem. 30, 9–17 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. S. Kryshchenko
    • 1
  • I. V. Zamulina
    • 1
  • T. V. Rybyanets
    • 1
  • N. E. Kravtsova
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. A. Biryukova
    • 1
  • O. M. Golozubov
    • 1
  1. 1.Academy of Biology and BiotechnologySouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia

Personalised recommendations